Hindu calendar states that , the Hindu New Year begins at Gudi Padwa. This year, Gudi Padwa falls on April 13, 2021, Tuesday.
Gudi Padwa is a spring-time festival that marks the celebration of the Maharashtrian New Year. The first day of Chaitra month is celebrated as Gudi Padwa, according to the Hindu calendar. It is celebrated in and near Maharashtra and Goa generally.The word padava or padavo comes from the Sanskrit word pratipada which refers to the first day of a lunar fortnight. It is also called as Marathi New year. It is observed by Marathi and Kokani Hindus.Gudhi means flag, erect flag on the houses as part of celebration in Maharashtra where its mainly celebrated.
Murtha for Gudi Padwa:
This year, Pratipada Tithi begins at 08:00 on Apr 12, 2021 ends at 10:16 on Apr 13, 2021.
Arrangements on this day:
On the festive day, courtyards in village houses will be swept clean and plastered with fresh cow-dung. Even in the city, people take the time out to do some spring cleaning. Families on this day make sure to adorn their homes with flower garlands, earthen lamps, and rangolis. Then wearing new clothes to offer prayers. Sweets and savouries are distributed to welcome the season of spring.
Traditionally, families prepare a special dish that mixes various flavours, particularly the bitter leaves of the neem tree and sweet jaggery ( gul). Additional ingredients include sour tamarind and astringent dhane seeds. This, like the pacchadi recipe used in Ugadi festival, is eaten as a reminder of life’s sweet and bitter experiences, as well as a belief that the neem-based mixture has health benefits.
Preparation for Gudi:
One of the main preparations on this day is making the Gudi, a flag-like stick hoisted outside homes or even near windows. This is usually created using a long wooden stick wrapped with a New (unused) saree , kalash and decorated with neem leaves and a garland made using sugar candy. This is believed to symbolise victory.
Maharashtrian families also make many other festive dishes, such as shrikhand and Poori or Puran Poli on this day. Firstly this dishes are user as Prasad for offering God and guddi. The sugar garland are distributed among the small children in family and neighborhood. This is believed to symbolise the love and good luck for upcoming year.
Significance of gudi :
1. It symbolises the victory of King Shalivahana and was hoisted by his people when he returned to Paithan.
2. Lord Ram’s victory and happiness on returning to Ayodhya after slaying Ravana. Since a symbol of victory is always held high, so is the gudhi (flag).
3. Victory of Maratha warriors in processions.
4. Gudhi is believed to ward off evil, invite prosperity and good luck into the house.
Dussehra: Victory of Good over evil
Dussehra: Victory of Good over evil, is celebrated on the 10th day of month Ashvina. Victory means Prabhu Rama over Ravana in famous hindu epic Ramayan. Also it means the end of Durga puja and Ramlila. In Ramayan, Ravana kidnaps god Rama’s wife Sita, as god Rama & Laxman cuted of the nose of ravna’s sister surpanakha. So to claim vengeance on them Ravana kidnapped sita. To get back maa sita Prabhu Rama and Laxman faught battle against Ravana with the help of hanuman, Subriv & other Vanar sena.
In this battle Ravana’s brother Bhibishan also helped god Ram against Ravana . At the end of Prabhu Ram wins the battle and rescues Maa Sita. Thereafter this victory is celebrated by burning the statue of Ravan, Kumbhakarn, his son Meghnath. Dusshersa is a climax of long day celebration of Navratri.
The nine days of Navratri is the time to reflect on oneself, observe silence & practice fasting. Fasting cleanses the body of toxins and silence purifies speech & mind. What does Dasehra means Das means ten and hara means take away. Which came after Navratri means nine nights if darkness. On each day of Navratri we pray to that form of goddess durga to take away that darkness of ignorance within us. After that on tenth day on the occasion of Dasehra we burn all the evil, bad things, thoughts, bad habits inside us in that fire in the form of Ravna as evil inside us.
Dusshera: Victory of Good over evil
Ravana is not the demon or evil, you yourself are one. In the battele of Ram and Ravana, god Ram had been invoked Durga May to help him win the battle against Ravana. We also should invoked Durga to help us in gaining back our Sita. Sita? It is awareness inside is which has been traped in maya surround us. To make our soul clean and pure we have to burn the evil in the fire by fighting and winning battle against evil. many evils and negative aura lives within us, we should overcome this with good things. This is what Dasehra symbolise.
It is a supreme festival of Hindu culture with true meaning. Furthermore it also symbolize the feminism as the battle is to bring back maa Sita from the Ravana. Whenever person crosses his limit, go beyond it and try to hurt marayda of stree. She will transform into Durga and will punish that person to death. Rama won the battles and the light and happiness spreaded. its our choice, either we want to be Ravana & get entrapped in the worldly pleasure or want to Rama (A spiritual being).To symbolise and to aware Dashera is celebrated do its called, Dussehra: Victory of Good over evil!
RAM NAVAMI: Muhurat, Celebration, Significance, Home celebration
Ram Navami celebrated as the birthday of the lord Ram. It is celebrated in the festival of spring (Navratri), the 9 days long festival of the Navratri comes to the end with the celebration of the epic festival of Ram Navami. He is particularly important to the Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism, as the seventh avatar of God Vishnu. The festival is celebrated on the ninth day of the waxing moon in the Hindu month of Chaitra. Beautiful thing about this festival is, people this holy occasion by observing fast, reading Rama’s legendary stories and chanting the mantras. Not only people so this things but they also decorate the house and temple. The visit the lord Vishnu temple and worship him. This year people can’t visit the temple due to the deadly virus, but surely they will stay at home and pray for the betterment of the current condition.
Muhurta for the celebration :
According to sources, the muhurta for ram Navami madhyahna will begin at 11:02 am and end at 1:38 pm. The Navami tithe will begin at 12:43 am on April 21 and end at 12:35 am on April 22. It is believed that lord ram was born during madhyahna period or the middle of the day.
Significance of Ram Navami celebration:
As per Hindu mythology, Lord Ram is the central figure in Ramayana and was born to Queen Kausalya and King Dasharatha in Ayodhya. Ram Navami is celebrated to mark the descent of the Vishnu avatar of Lord Ram on earth.
Lord Ram is mentioned not in the ancient Hindu scriptures, but also in Jain and Buddhist texts.
This is how we can celebrate Ram Navami at home:
Clean a nice place or the mandir at home. Lord Rama is the main deity worshipped during Rama Navami, so place a photo or an idol of Lord Ram. Along with Lord Rama, Mata Kaushalya, King Dasharatha, Sita and the three younger brothers of Lord Rama – Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughna are also worshipped. Hanuman Ji, the biggest devotees of Lord Ram must be worshipped on is auspicious day.
Involve all members of the family in the Ram Navami puja. Traditionally young girls in the family put teeka on the forehead of all in the family. Ganga jal, roli and aipun are sprinkled on the gods, and then rice is showered on the deities or photos of Ram, Lakshman, Sita and Hanuman Ji. After prayers, everyone perform the aarti and bhajans are sung. Finally, prasad is distributed among all family members.
Happy Ram Navami all of you.
Stay home and be safe.