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Colonizing Space: Outer Solar System

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If you have read our 1st part of this article ‘Colonizing Space: Inner Solar system’https://theparadoxnews.com/uncategorized/colonizing-space-inner-solar-system/

Than you’ve landed on absolutely correct place to read more about habitation in Outer Space. You might wonder what’s the difference between Inner and Outer Solar system? Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are the planets closest to the Sun. They are called the inner planets The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Today our focus is mostly on moons.


When we talk about a planet we are talking about a large but nonetheless finite environment. When we talk instead about living in space we have moved into the realm of the infinite. The resources of the Solar system are beyond human comprehension and the resources of the universe are as close to infinite. Using these materials to construct space colonies, we can provide all of the land area that any foreseeable population growth could require. With industry moved into space, our civilization could evolve. Imagine a society enjoying all the benefits of hightech living without the disadvantages of pollution and destruction of the natural environment.


When we speak of bringing in extraterrestrial materials or energies we are discussing the creation of new wealth, not merely the redistribution of wealth already on Earth. Scientists have observed that energy derived from space would not be geographically bounded. There would no longer be energy rich or energy poor areas. The same can be said of availed space resources.
If these ideas are correct, then by the 23rd century there could conceivably be more people living in space than on Earth.

The surface of our world would be free of the polluting industries. Earth could be rejuvenated and restored to a more natural form. The assumption that other intelligences in the universe might use similar techniques to colonize space vastly increases the odds that we will find them. On the more practical side, man’s options are also vastly increased. If we use the technology that we have wisely, we can utilize all of the energy and natural resources that we could ever need. Once man is out into space there will be no more limits to growth. With the seed of man spread throughout the galaxy the human species would, in effect, become immortal.


Coming back to the point about habitation in Outer Solar system.


The asteroid belt is always the first priority for colonization. asteroids are extremely reach in minerals. They’ve got plenty for rock and metal for construction purposes and also have availability of water. Asteroids receive descent amount of sunlight that could be used as a power source to row plants. Asteroids contain several chemical composition classes, including iron and carbonaceous, providing a variety of materials usable in building and fueling spacecraft and space habitats.


Human colonization of the planet Jupiter is beyond the abilities of any type of imagined technology. Due to its lack of surface, any type of colony on Jupiter would have to be airborne but we have an option.


Europa the moon of Jupiter is probably the best place to build a permanent place in the Jovian system. The icy surface of the moon, although freezing, is solid enough to establish buildings, habitats, and structures. It looks to be relatively smooth but still retains signs of activity brewing as a result of the subsurface ocean sitting right beneath all that ice. That ocean, though dotted by geysers, might possess the ingredients for extraterrestrial life to evolve.



Enceladus is Saturn’s sixth-largest moon and essentially an alternate version of Europa in a lot of ways. It’s an icy surface with another subsurface ocean and if humans could find a way to weather the cold, they could probably build some sturdy homes on the surface. Again, there are geysers which point to internal activity deep in the rock, which could help facilitate the evolution of life. The challenges we have with these moons are; extremely cold weather, low gravity and low escape velocity.


Saturn’s Moon Titan perhaps is the most advantageous locale in the outer Solar System for colonization. It is the only natural satellite in the solar system with a dense atmosphere and cloud cover. Titan is the most hospitable extraterrestrial world within our solar system for human colonization. The surface of Titan is mostly non-cratered and thus inferred to be very young and active, and probably composed of mostly water ice, and lakes of liquid hydrocarbons (methane/ethane) in its polar regions. While the temperature is cryogenic, it should be able to support a base, but more information regarding Titan’s surface and the activities on it is necessary.
The thick atmosphere and the weather, such as potential flash floods, are also factors to consider.Titan retains a gravity that’s actually comparable to Earth’s moon, so we’d simply have to apply lessons from the latter to the former if we ever wanted to colonize it. It’s a fairly flat surface and should be easy enough to build upon.


Uranus and Neptune are more like an Ice giants than Gas giants. To colonize both of these we’d need more robotic activity otherwise floating cities in atmosphere.

To the last point of colonization we could look forward for moons of Uranus and Neptune, Kuiper’s belt some comets, etc. Rather than planets, as the major potential habitat of life in space. Artificial gravity colonies are theoretically possible, but long travel times would make external resources quite difficult to obtain.

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Career in artificial intelligence.

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Career in artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI): IT is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. If you consider career in artificial intelligence in India, there are handful of big companies that are currently into it. Artificial Intelligence is a revolutionary technology that’s changing the world by empowering industries with smart solutions.
Artificial intelligence jobs gives many opportunities for the technology and it’s development , you can explore technology and science in artificial intelligence……
In artificial intelligence there are many jobs option and career growth..
• Data Mining Analyst
• Machine Learning Researcher
• Working in the Military
• Robotics Programmer
• Video Game Programmer
• Software Engineer

• Big Data Engineer
• · Business Intelligence Developer
• · Data Scientist
• · Machine Learning Engineer
• · Research Scientist
• · AI Data Analyst
• · Product Manager
• · AI Engineer
Scope of artificial intelligence in different areas

  1. In the field of education
    Educational software can be adapted to student needs
    Artificial intelligence can automate basic activities in education, like grading

Students could get additional support from AI tutors
AI-driven programs can give students and educators helpful feedback
Data powered by AI can change how schools find, teach, and support students.

Institute which offers Artificial Intelligence

  1. Tech stack
  2. IIT
  3. Chandigarh University
  4. Digitech Vidya
  5. National Institute of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence plays an increasingly important role in the functioning of the world around us and continues to advance and improve the quality of life in multiple industrial environments. Anyone seeking a career in this field and willing to strive for a high level of education will be quickly accepted in this constantly growing, high-paying industry.

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Human Evolution: Bionic Eye

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As constantly evolving species humans are redefining their own evolution by interconnecting the natural and synthetic world. Bionic technology is the major pay role that is inter-winding Human-Machine interface. Today let us know about one of the applications of this bionic technology; Visual Prosthesis or Bionic eye.

A visual prosthesis or bionic eye is a medical device that is intended to restore functional vision to those who are suffering from partial and complete blindness. 

eSight is one the visual prosthesis that uses a video camera to capture activities that are happening in front of the user in real time, it also allows the user to control the video processing and then through a series of advanced optics and very high resolution display it presents the video in such a way that the user can see the activities happening in front of him/her. eSight is developed for the people who are legally blind ( the person who’s vision is 20/200 is considered to be legally blind). 

This is Yvonne Felix an eSight 3 user. Her eyes have a blind spot that covers 98% of her visual field. She was 8 years old when doctor realised that Yvonne has a macular degeneration, over the years she lost her vision. But thanks to eSight that helped her to restore her vision

But the product like this is useful for the people that are partially blind or legally blind. 

There are over 39 million people in the world completely blind. Second sight a U.S based medical product company is working in their next generation product called the Orion® Visual Cortical Prosthesis System, an investigational device intended to bring artificial vision to individuals who are blind due to a wide range of causes, including glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, optic nerve injury or disease, or forms of cancer and trauma. Their previous product Argus® II, approved by the FDA for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa, has been implanted in 350+ individuals worldwide, restoring functional, artificial vision by renewing light perception and transforming the daily experience in the majority of individuals.

Orion® Visual Cortical Prosthesis System is goggle shaped with a camera setup. One end of the goggle is connected to a Video Processing Unit (VPU) where the user can adjust parameters like zoom, contrast etc. The processed video signal is sent to the other end of the goggle where a transmitting antenna is attached that transmits the signal as well as power to the implanted or receiving antenna in the brain. 

The signal then reaches an electronic circuit that decodes the signal received from the antenna and sends simulation pulses to the electrode ray which is implanted in the visual cortex between the halves of the brain. Once the implant is in position it requires a thorough and complex calibration which involves making changes in electrodes individually and mapping where the user could perceive vision. After the device is properly setup one will experience flashing lights, but later would experience vision.

The company is working with 6 blind patients to test the prototype. During the calibration of 12 month one of a patient got a seizure, from the result released in June 2019. The product is going through lots of development which may take little longer before entering the market.

The product would be a life-changing for the sightless once entered the market. Evolution of humans hasn’t stop just because we are here, we are changing the evolution by interconnecting natural and synthetic life.

– Abhishek Sharma

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