People around the world have discovered clever ways to farm in tough conditions. Their land could be too dry, too wet, too hot, or prone to insects or damaging storms. If the land is too steep, people might try terrace farming. Cultures in Peru, Japan, the Philippines, Mexico, the Mediterranean, East Africa, Yemen, and China have all independently created the concept of terracing. In many parts of India also terrace farming is practised.
How terrace farming is done?
Terrace farming is the practice of cutting flat areas out of a hilly or mountainous landscape in order to grow crops. It is a practice that has been in use from the rice fields of Asia to the steep slopes of the Andes in South America.
Terracing turns a slope into level, benched out steps by moving soil and creating retaining walls. This restructuring allows un-farmable hillsides to become stable, productive farmlands. Some typical crops grown in terraces include barley, wheat, potatoes, corn, tea, olive, grape vines, coffee, and rice. A terrace is typically about 2-3 meters wide and 50-80 meters long. Some terraces flood with rain water, such as those used to farm rice.
A terrace usually has one outlet for water to drain into the terrace below. This lower terrace stops the water and prevents it from gaining enough speed to cause erosion. This way, the water deposits any soil in the downhill terraces as it slows down.
Terrace farming in INDIA
In India, terrace cultivation takes place in the states of Punjab, Meghalaya, Haryana, Plains of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Although terrace farming is not much effective way of farming but its great idea to increase area under cultivation.
Some crops that are grown using terrace farming are – paddy, cereals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, dye plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds, millets, buckwheat, saffron, black cumin, grain amaranth, spices, etc. The major fruit crops are apple, subtropical and temperate fruits including nuts and dry fruits.
Terraces are classified under different categories :
- According to retaining walls: bench terraces and broad field bench terraces, check dams and cross-channel terraces, sloping field terraces.
- According to the differences in building materials: soil ridge terraces, stone dike terraces, grass ridge terraces, and soil–rock mixed terraces
- According to rainfall availability and climatic zones: dryland terraces and paddy terraces
- Based on purpose: agricultural terraces, afforestation terraces, orchard terraces, tea-garden terraces, rubber terraces, and mulberry terraces
- As per specific location: hill slope terraces and channel terraces.
BENEFITS OF TERRACE FARMING :
1. Terrace farming boosts water Conservation and runoff reduction: terraces are act as many micro-watersheds across the whole slopes. Therefore, it directly reshapes the micro-topography of hill slopes. These factors enhance the efficiency of rainwater harvesting by changing hydrological pathways. Even, Practice of terrace farming increases soil roughness and creates voids so that water droplets penetrate. Thus, it increases water holding capacity and soil moisture.
2.Soil conservation and Control of Soil Erosion: Terracing weakens rainfall-runoff effects by reducing the water velocity and total amount of debris flow. This leads to an increase in biomass and surface cover. Terraces have embankments or ridges which increases the efficiency of soil conservation
3. Improve land productivity and soil fertility: Due to the reduction in soil erosion and having high water holding capacity, terrace farming improves soil fertility and land productivity
Example: In rice terraces, Irrigation is designed not only for supplying water to paddy crops but has various other purposes as well. In addition to the protection of terraced paddy fields, the unique practice of year-round irrigation plays many essential roles, including storing water, maintaining favorable soil conditions for rice growth and providing a habitat for various edible aquatic animals.
4. Ensure food security and crop yield: water scarcity and soil erosion are the problems for the mountain. Terrace farming ensures food security and increases crop yield by water and soil conservation. Thus it reduces soil erosion. In terrace farming, the interaction between water and fertilizer increase results in high yield.
5. Enhances biodiversity and helps in ecosystem restoration and enhances biodiversity: Practice of Terrace farming in mountains or another region where standard cultivation not possible plays an additional measure that benefits ecosystem restoration and enhancing biodiversity.
6. Enriches recreational options by creating aesthetic landscapes: Many terraces practices in the world classified as “cultural landscape” heritages (UNESCO, 2008). Cultural landscapes, defined as “distinctive geographical areas or unique properties that represent the combined work of nature and man” by the World Heritage Committee.
Challenges in terrace farming:
Terrace farming certainly has difficulties, as well. Terracing requires massive inputs of labor. Creating a terrace requires moving tons of soil and building hundreds of meters of stone walls, typically by hand. Once established, terraces need routine maintenance to continue functioning. Historically, labor was readily available in rural, mountainous areas of the world. Currently, however, young, able-bodied people move to cities to become educated and work higher paying jobs. Older women and men maintain the terraces, instead. This lack of labor results in less upkeep. Once a terrace is abandoned, the retaining walls crumble and nearly all of the productive topsoil is lost to wind and water erosion.
From a natural point of view, steep slopes are some of the only areas spared from human manipulation. In places where all flat areas and small hills have been deforested, steep slopes are important for the remaining wildlife and plants. If terrace farming increases, these remnant ecosystems will inevitably be lost.
Why should everyone indulge in fasting?
Fasting is a bliss being encouraged by our ancestors since generation by all religions but many are unknown to truly understand this blessing and couldn’t avail it meticulously.
One should not confuse fasting with starvation, the main difference between starvations and fasting is the wiliness. People fast with their will for their god or health purpose on the other hand starving is a term used when related to shortage or lack of food available. Fasting heals the body whereas starving is unhealthy for the body.
There are numerous benefits of fasting in spirituality and for one’s health which is now scientifically proven too.
It’s not far away when even scientists will agree that science is just an extension of spirituality.
Eating all the time without giving proper rest to your body isn’t healthy, our digestive system and body needs rest too.
To understand fasting one needs to understand that being hungry and having an empty stomach are two different things. Our body and our brain work its best only when the stomach is empty because any correction and purification that needs to happen in the body of your stomach needs to be empty. It’s very important. Otherwise, purification on the cellular level won’t happen. You pile up all the things and then you have all kinds of problems. It has been confirmed by Modern Science that fasting detoxifies the body at the cellular level.
Modern science also talks about Autophagy. The body gets rid of its sickest cells. Fasting induces Autophagy where only the healthiest cells survive the extreme condition, while cysts, tumors, cancerous, and all other unhealthy cells (who feed on food) get vanished.
According to Ayurveda, in a fasted state, the body clears the toxic waste ‘Ama’ off the subtest of the body channels called the ‘Srotas’. Ayurveda also states if fasting is done in the correct way it can cure any diseases.
Other benefits of fasting include weight loss, robust digestion, unblemished skin, stronger hair, and improved cognitive ability, this proof that fasting is the ultimate detox which our body wants.
People don’t indulge in fasting because of myths spread by people about it. There are zero side effects of fasting only if done correctly. Some of them include: – fasting should be done with will and shouldn’t be forced to do; it should be done happily without stress. Breaking fast is another important factor that should be taken care of.
Who should not fast?
Pregnant women, children, and extremely low blood pressure people shouldn’t opt to do fasting.
Consider fasting as a process to maintain your body and start implementing it at least once a week for your body, health, and for your soul.
Fast for your body, for your better health, and if you are a spiritual soul you cannot miss it including in your life and making it a part of your habits and lifestyle because going to bed on an empty stomach induces more vivid and lucid dreams. This is because hunger stimulates the production of DMT in the brain. When we eat before bed our body works all night on digestion, which takes away energy from the brain. By producing more DMT naturally, we can achieve deeper states of meditation, a stronger connection with our higher self, and easily tap into infinite intelligence.
Fasting, having an empty stomach works miracles, why don’t you give it a try in a proper manner and feel it by yourself?
A 10 years old chef!
At age of 10 when most of the children barely know how to make a sandwich, Maggie, tea, or coffee and here A 10-year-old girl from Kerala has proven to be a prodigy in her cooking skills.
She has astonished many with her impressive cooking skills.
Saanvi M Prajit, daughter of Wing Commander of Indian Air Force Prajit Babu and Manjma hailing from Ernakulam and is currently settled in Visakhapatnam with her family, cooked 33 dishes just in 60 minutes and bagged a place in the Asian Book of Records for the maximum number of dishes prepared by a child.
The record was created by a girl on August 29, 2020. Authorities from the Asia book of records monitored Saanvi’s cooking online.
She made dli, waffle, corn fritters, mushroom tikka, uttapam, paneer tikka, egg bulls eye, sandwich, papdi chaat, fried rice, chicken roast, pancake, appam, and more dishes.
In a statement to PTI, her mother has mentioned, “The Asia Book of Records authorities watched online the cookery event organized at her Visakhapatnam residence. Besides, two gazetted officers were witness to the cooking of 33 items in an hour by Saanvi.
According to resources, she has been inspired by her mother to cook and she has been cooking since a young age. She learned to cook on a gas stove quickly. Her mother said though she learned by imitating others, she has developed a technique for herself now.
Saanvi has been taking part in many cooking competitions, winning and making her parents proud since an early age.
Saanvi said she could do this because of the support of her family, friends, and well-wishers.
This little MasterChef has her own YouTube channel named Saanvi Cloud 9 which she started in this pandemic period. Other than cooking she is a trained Bharatanatyam dancer and is indulged in horse riding too.
Saanvi is truly an inspiration who has made not only her parents but the whole of India proud of her extraordinary skills in such a small age.
Real Cravings – Chocolates
Chocolate day? Yeahhhh! Today is Chocolate day! Everyone loves chocolate. Have you ever heard someone saying they don’t like chocolates? Of course not, how can someone hate chocolate! It’s like hating heaven! Chocolate are nothing but mood fixers. They can easily make us happy, full of joy. They are surely magical. Chocolate can make every other beverage more better and tasty! Chocolate chips in cold cold chocolate ice cream with chocolate syrup all over it, oh my god! Chocolate can enhance and help to create the most luxurious desserts and can even be enjoyed and indulged on its own. It’s one of the best invention by mankind must say!
But these delicious stuffs have come from where? The history of chocolate goes back around 2,500 years. The Aztecs loved their newly discovered liquid chocolate to the extent that they believed the god of wisdom, Quetzalcoatl, literally bestowed it upon them. Cocoa seeds back then even acted as a form of currency. Could you imagine going shopping or buying a house will a huge pile of Cocoa seeds? It would be wonderful, no? These days, the chocolate was bitter, as it was long before sugar was added. Once chocolate took a turn and went sweet in a 16th Century Europe, chocolate caught on to the masses and became one of many households favourite treats. Whatever happened back then surely was awesome! What can happen better than chocolate!
Oh you are thinking how is chocolate made? Many people are unaware that chocolate is a fermented food. You heard that right, once the cacao pods are picked, and then cleaned of pithy white material from the fruit, they are dried and then the cacao beans are fermented. The cacao nibs are revealed once the papery shell is removed. This is where the fun and creativity come in.
Chocolatiers then grind the nibs into cocoa mass, separating them into cocoa solids and cocoa butter, they then combine them with milk and sugar. If they’re creating white chocolate then it’s just the chocolate butter with milk and sugar. It’s definitely worth celebrating this process, especially considering how much thought goes into getting it just right. Which chocolate u love? White? No? Oh we know its kinda tough! It’s okay we’ll have both 😉 and of course truffles are love!
Chocolate is certainly of the world’s favorite ! Often referred to as the magic bean, it definitely deserves to be celebrated. When we have moments of joy and happiness we cherish those moments by sharing chocolates, and they increase our happiness for sure.Everyone loves it, and the recipes that come with it are nothing less than amazing! A choclate shake? Or a chocolate cake? And what about pancakes!?Again impossible to choose!
Some Benefits of Chocolate are:
High nutritional value
Advantageous for fetal development and growth
Rich source of antioxidants
Lowers risk of heart disease
Improves blood pressure and blood flow!
When consumed in moderation, chocolates may not harm the body. So go have a piece because just like everyone else, you deserve good things too. You deserve chocolates.
On this Chocolate Day, we the paradox team are sharing this article as an epitome of my immense love to you all. Keep smiling always. Happy World Chocolate Day 2020.
What is Ghost?
Iconic Gold Awards 2021
Dyson Sphere and Solar Power: The Future of Human Civilization
Shivankar Kadu: The Young Paradox
13 REASONS WHY DISHA PATANI IS A NATIONAL CRUSH!
WAJID KHAN on the playlist
youth7 months ago
Shivankar Kadu: The Young Paradox
Entertainment8 months ago
13 REASONS WHY DISHA PATANI IS A NATIONAL CRUSH!
Uncategorized8 months ago
WAJID KHAN on the playlist
Business7 months ago
Elon Musk : undaunted visionary character shaping our future
photography8 months ago
WHEN HARSH CAPTURES MOMENT!
Fashion8 months ago
5 Best Photoshoots of Alia bhatt.
Entertainment8 months ago
When sonam kapoor gave us major princess goals.
mixture8 months ago
BEING A KOTA FACTORY PRODUCT!