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Beirut Explosion : All you need to know



Jaw dropping moment for world. An explosion in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, a country in western Asia, was Tuesday caught on camera and widely circulated on social media. The footage showed smoke billowing near the port area of the city, shortly before a powerful blast sent up a bigger cloud of smoke and a shockwave across the city, throwing the videographer off his feet.

The vibrations of the blast, which was initially misconstrued by some as detonation of some nuclear device, were even felt around 240 km away in Cyprus.At least 100 people were killed and nearly 4,000 injured in a massive explosion at Lebanon’s capital Beirut. The explosion, according to the Lebanon government, was of over 2700 tonnes of ammonium nitrate stored for six years in a warehouse in the port. Multiple reports suggest that a huge tremor-causing explosion was preceded by a fire, possibly of firecrackers.

Where did the ammonium nitrate come from?

In 2013 a Moldovan-flagged ship, the Rhosus, entered Beirut port after suffering technical problems during its journey from Georgia to Mozambique, according to, which deals with shipping-related legal cases.The Rhosus was inspected, banned from sailing onward and was shortly afterwards abandoned by its owners, sparking several legal claims.

Its cargo included the ammonium nitrate, which is used as a fertiliser and as an explosive.It was stored in a port warehouse for safety reasons, the report said, and it remained there for the next six years.

There are a lot of rules around storing ammonium nitrate, particularly around fire-proofing, because it is so highly explosive if it comes into contact with flames.

What is Ammonium Nitrate?

Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound .It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017.

Pure ammonium nitrate is not an explosive on its own. It is classified as an oxidiser (Grade 5.1) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods. If mixed with ingredients like fuel or some other contaminants, or because of some other external factors, it can be very explosive.

However, for combinations to explode, triggers like detonators are required. Many Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) used by terrorists around the world have ANFO as the main explosive, triggered by primary explosives like RDX or TNT. In the majority of terror attacks in India, including those in Pulwama, Varanasi, Malegaon, Pune, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Mumbai, ammonium nitrate has been used along with initiator explosives like RDX.

Impact of explosion :

In Beirut, the blast affected residents living as far as 10 kilometres away from the site. It even damaged the Baabda Palace, the residence of the Lebanese President. “Doors and windows in several of the palace’ wings were dislocated,” NNA reported. However, no one was injured.

Meanwhile, the explosion was felt nearly 250 kilometres away, in the neighbouring island of Cyprus, according to the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). CNN reported that the blast created seismic waves equivalent of a magnitude 3.3 earthquake.

Other countries reactions towards blast:

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday expressed shock at the loss of lives in a massive explosion that rocked Beirut and said India’s thoughts and prayers are with the bereaved families and the injured.

US President Donald Trump in his briefings to the press on Tuesday called the incident to be an ‘attack’, something which has since been denied by US officials, as reported by the US media. The blast casualties have overwhelmed the health system of the country which has been in a serious financial crisis and because medical facilities have themselves been hit by the explosion.

UK’s Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab put out a tweet expressing solidarity with Lebanon. “My thoughts and prayers are with those affected by the devastating explosion in Beirut today. The UK stands in solidarity with the people of Lebanon and is ready to offer help and support including to those British nationals impacted,” he said.

French President Emmanuel Macron said he would send “rescue and aid” to Beruit, while Angela Merkel said Germany would offer Lebanon its help.

Why blast complicated condition in Beirut

Already, the country was suffering through Covid 19 pandamic. Economic condition of country was not stable, the blast created worst situation. There was huge loss of properties and many of people became homeless.

Lebanon’s economy minister said Wednesday that the nation has less than a month’s reserves of the grain but enough flour to avoid a crisis, the economy minister said on Wednesday. Raoul Nehme told Reuters that the country’s needed reserves for at least three months to ensure food security and was looking at other storage areas.

Latest information related to Beirut Lebanon:

1.There are numerous reports of children who have been separated from family members, some of whom are still missing;

2.At least 12 primary healthcare facilities, maternal, immunization and newborn centres in Beirut have been damaged, impacting services for nearly 120,000 people;

3.A children’s hospital in the Karantina area, which had a specialized unit treating critical newborns, was destroyed. One newborn died;

4.The remaining operational hospitals are over-stretched and have been depleted of critical medical supplies;

5.10 containers stocked by the Ministry of Public Health with personal protective equipment were destroyed;

6.Five out of seven UNICEF-supported vaccine cold rooms were destroyed in the blast, affecting critical vaccination programmes;

7.Many schools have reported damage in Beirut and the surrounding area, with assessments ongoing into the level of damage;

8. Many colonies and countries helped Beirut by giving away donations.

9.In the past 72 hours, 464 new cases of Covid-19 were registered.

………………………….. According to report !

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All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash



All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash
Armenia and Azerbaijan is a small country located in between Turkey, Russia and Iran. Armenia is mostly a christian majority country with 95% of it’s 30 million population practising christanity and Azerbaijan comprises 99% of muslim population. This conflict can escalate into a full fledged war according to experts.The population of Azerbaijan is 10 million and both are secular countries. The conflict is about a small region called Nagorno-Karabakh region. Both of these countries were part of the USSR till 1990. Both these countries attained independence from the USSR in 1991. This Nagorno-Karabakh region is partially occupied by both Armenia and Azerbaijan. This region is a heavy mountainous region and it is tough to access this region. According to the 2015 census only 1.5 lakh people live in this Nagorno-Karabakh region in an area of 4400 square kilometers. This population of this region is ethnically Armenian.
This region has been disputed since 1920 when both these countries were part of the erstwhile Soviet Union. This region belonged to Azerbaijan till 1990 and it was an autonomous region controlled by Moscow directly. When the USSR split then Moscow decided to hand over this region to Azerbaijan but then the local provincial assembly voted to stay with Armenia. This voting was opposed by Moscow and Azerbaijan governments. After this the Armenian separatists occupied a part of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and they have been running the government in that part backed by the government of Armenia. But according to the International law this region is part of Azerbaijan because when this region was split up in 1991 then Moscow had decided to merge this territory with Azerbaijan.
This region has seen heavy ceasefire violations since 1991 up till 2020. Recent clashes have continued over several days. You can understand this territory similarly like Kashmir where both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir. In May 1994 USA, France and Russia had tried to implement a ceasefire so that these countries could talk and negotiate but all in vain. This conflict started on 27 september 2020 and since then both countries have said that the other one broke the ceasefire first. Russia plays a very important role here. Russia has a military base in Armenia and it supplies weapons to Azerbaijan but it has not said a word over this conflict.
Turkey on the other hand supports Azerbaijan openly since Turkey and Azerbaijan have strong relations and Armenia does not have good relations with Turkey. In the first week of October Turkish F-16s were seen in Armenian airspace thus, adding fuel to the fire. Turkey has openly said that it will provide military support to Azerbaijan if needed and it is trying to flex its muscle power in the region. Turkey and Azerbaijan being muslim countries are natural allies. Armenian foreign minister has said that this conflict is a preplanned strategy of Azerbaijan with Turkish support.
Turkey is a bigger country and it wants to influence a smaller nation like Azerbaijan. Turkey buys crude oil and gas from Azerbaijan and similarly Azerbaijan is one of the main investors of Turkey. So it is natural that they will come together. Their economic ties are stronger than ever. On the other side Turkey and Armenia have strain relations. During the ottoman empire a genocide was conducted over the armenians by the turks. This charge is denied by the Turkey government and so does Azerbaijan deny it in the support of its ally.
Azerbaijan is a republic just for namesake. Actually it is a dictatorship. After its split from the USSR their first president was Heydar Aliyev in 1991. He was president till 2003 then his son Ilham Aliyev succeeded him in 2003 and he has been the president since then. Ilham Aliyem has won every successive election since 2003 with over 80% vote share and it shows that there is no opposition in the country. Foreign journalists are not allowed to work freely and there are over 160 political prisoners. There is no free media in this country. So you can imagine if it is really a democracy. Whoever raises voice against the president then he/she is thrown into jails. Recently, in 2016 Aliyev held a controversial referendum according to which the minimum age to become the president of Azerbaijan has been brought down to 18 from 35. According to political experts this has been done so that his son can succeed him in 2025. There is no free press and this country ranks 146/157 in the global democracy index. You can imagine the scenario.
On the contrary Armenia ranks 86/167 and it is in a better position than Azerbaijan. Till 2018 Armenia was itself a dictatorship. In 2018 25 lakh people had protested on roads out of its 30 lakh odd population. The protestors were protesting over the election fraud conducted by the then PM. 2.50 lakh people were on roads and not a single bullet was fired. It was a huge success. The Velvet revolution led to the establishment of democracy in Armenia. The then opposition leader Nikol Pashniyan under whom this revolution was initiated had been elected as the PM in 2018 and he is the PM currently. You can understand the situation yourself.
Azerbaijan kids are taught to hate Armenians naturally on account of nationalism. This is the propaganda being spread by the Azerbaijan government. Their economy is in turmoil because of low crude oil prices. But people are taught to think about nationalism. According to a 2012 poll 91% Azerbaijan people think that Armenians are their natural enemy and similarly 63% Armenians agree the same. Armenians are described as Bandits, hippocrates in the Azerbaijan books. In 2011, famous Azerbaijani chess player Taimur Radjabov had said that he hates armenians. Such is the scale of hate in between these 2 nations. In 1988 and 1989 3.5 lakh people were affected due to this conflict.
In July a major protest occurred in Azerbaijan and people marched to the parliament of their country and demanded that their president declare war on Armenia. Such is the scale of nationalism. They protested not on account of depreciating economy or dictatorship but to declare war. Such is the propaganda that Azerbaijani people are taught to hate Armenians. Nothing concrete will come out of it. You decide. What should be done?
Amid covid 19 is it okay to fight?

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Indian economy to shrink 5.9% with ‘permanent income loss



The number of cases rising in India is unlikely going to ebb anytime soon. While India is setting the record for the highest surge in numbers of coronavirus cases in a single day, the Indian government on Monday announced the country’s biggest economic contraction in 24 years.

India’s economy to witness a great contraction of 5.9% by the end of 2020 predicted by The United Nations’ Conference on Trade and Development in a report, warning that while growth will rebound next year, the contraction is likely to translate into a permanent income loss.

Stressed days ahead:
Pandemic puts more pressure on India’s stressed economy. COVID-19 is slamming every possible sector across the nation and also triggered massive job loss.

Even the job portal launched by the government in July has seen the humungous registration of over 6.9 million people in just 40 days, reported by The Indian Express.
India had never tallied a quarter of negative growth since it commenced issuing such data publicly in 1996. Furthermore, no other big economy has shrunk with such a ratio during the pandemic. In the same period, America’s GDP fell by 9.1%. India’s economy had been stumbling before COVID-19.
While we think the situation in Indian related to the economy has worsened during the galloping outbreak, experts say that the country’s economic indicators were already to it’s worst side before the pandemic.

The complete Wipeout:

‘Already the quake of Covid-19 has triggered another round of cuts in central bank policy rates for advanced economies that had favorable ratios before the crisis and also for many developing economies, which even includes the high inflation countries such as Argentina and Turkey’, a report by UNCTAD described.
Further, the world is grappling with the equivalent of a complete Wipeout of the Brazilian, Mexican, Indian economies.
The domestic activities are contracting, eventually affecting the international economy. In a view to the future, it will shrink by around one-fifth this year and foreign direct investment shall blow by up to 40%.

Triggered massive job loss:
“What is happening after the pandemic cannot be seen without what was happening before the pandemic. The jobs were already collapsing, the growth rate had declined. The situation was already terrible, and it further worsened because of the pandemic”, Ritu Dewan, Vice President of the Indian Society of Labour Economics and former director of the Department of Economics at the University of Mumbai, told Anadolu Agency.

For India, UNCTAD’s report added, “The baseline scenario is a sharp recession in 2020 as straight lockdown measures to stem the virus’ spread brought many productive activities to halt across the country. Although we expect a rebound in 2021 in line with growth rates of the Indian economy in recent years, the contraction registered in 2020 is likely to translate into a permanent job loss”.

V-shaped recovery will be misled:
“Forecasters talk of a V-shaped recovery is misleading. Such a recovery would require double-digit global growth next year, which is out of the question”, said Richard Kozul – Wright, UNCTAD’s director of the division on globalisation and development strategies.

Assessing the report, it asserted that a global recovery plan is in need of both bold and comprehensive invasion, built around a collaborative macroeconomic expansion focused on job creation and higher wages and supported by a big public investment push into cleaner energy, environmental protection, sustainable transport systems, and the care economy.

Following the report, 90-120 million people from developing nations will be thrust into extreme poverty, with approximately 300 million people facing food insecurity.
The existence of future generations, indeed of the planet itself, entirely depended on the options we all pick over the coming months.

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Viral Video of crying Chinese. Are Chinese soldiers scared of Indian soldiers?



Recently, a short video of just few seconds got viral on social media depicting Chinese soldiers sobbing and singing “Green Flowers in the Army” in a bus. Soldiers seem to be too young.
The video didn’t take much time to get viral on twitter and Facebook.
This Viral Video was tweeted by a well renowned network, Taiwan News on Sunday. People got curious to know the exact reason behind the misadventure of these young People’s Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers.
The video location is to be known at Fuyang Railway Station while the troops were preparing to head to a military camp in Hebei province, according to Taiwan News.
This led to a war of words between mainland Chinese and Taiwanese media.
Taiwanese media like Liberty Times and Taiwan News, didn’t miss this chance to mock the soldiers for crying and clearly showing their weakness in the video.
Many are saying that this action of Chinese soldiers distinctly portraying that now Chinese are afraid of Indians after lately realising how powerful India is.
Indians too didn’t stand back in retweeting and sharing the video on social media.
China newspaper, Global Times defended by saying – “At that time, they were bidding farewell to their parents and sang the famous military song ‘Green Flowers in the Army’, and they sang ‘Go home when you celebrate your work’, completely contrary to the mood created by Taiwanese media,”. Chinese media debunks Taiwanese claim. China also added saying that Taiwan took video out of context and attempting to tarnish image of PLA troops.
Chinese media said that the soldiers got just too emotional, Taiwanese are just deliberately trying to manipulate the video and creating an issue.
Tension between India and China has been high since the standoff between Indians and Chinese armies in galwan valley in June this year.
Is china really scared of India? Or it’s just another trap for India to make India confuse?
Whatever it might be, but India is always ready to face it courageously with all its strength.
Indian soldiers will happily sacrifice their life for love for their motherland, if needed.
Jai Hind.

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