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The resistance to the farmers bill.

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On Sunday, September 20 what was supposed to be a healthy parliament meeting turned ugly, where opposition members broke mics, tore rule books and also broke much-feared social distancing norms. This was when Rajya Sabha passed two out of three bills related to agriculture amidst nationwide protest against the implementation of the bills.

These are:

  1. Farmers’ Produce Trade & Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Bill 2020
  2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Service Bill 2020
  3. The Essential Commodities Amendment Bill

These bills were introduced on September 14 and were already passed by Lok Sabha ( In order to bring any bills in force, It has to get approval from Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and then, at last, the President). Since then protests are evaporating from various parts of the nation, especially from Punjab and Haryana. When the bill was passed in Lok Sabha, Minister of Food Processing Harsimrat Kaur Badal resigned from the cabinet.

The Government claims and believes that these bills are in the support of the farmers, then why the opposition and the farmers are so against it?

India is an agricultural country. The sector has a large amount of contribution to Indian Economy. The country produces a million tons of agricultural products every year. But for various activities of distribution and transportation, farmers heavily rely on commission agents (also known as arhatiyas in Punjab). These agents are also responsible to bring farmers produce to APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) also known as mandis. The states also receive a good amount of commission from the agents. But if the Farmers’ Produce Trade & Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Bill 2020 is brought to power then mostly all the arhatiyas and the people working under them would be jobless. The Bill allows farmers to sell their produce outside APMC i.e. mandis. Private organisations can now directly source goods from the farmer’s farm or anywhere else. The new system might eliminate the need for middlemen. Although APMC’s of Punjab and Haryana, agent commission is about 2.5%. This might open new markets for farmers but not for agents. Owing to the long term relationship with arhatiyas, farmers are against the implementation.

The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Service Bill 2020 allows farmers to enter into a contract with farms, exporters for sale at a pre-agreed price. This will also transfer the risk of the market from farmers to sponsors. Farmers fear that these new legal changes would privatize their produce and they would not be good enough to negotiate with private players. Big private entities as sponsors would have the upper hand. Farmers also worry that they might not be able to go to civil courts in times of dispute.

The opposition claims that such bills are anti farmers and would only benefit the private players. They are against the privatisation of farmers’ produce. Many blame the Prime Minister for making farmers the slave of corporates. Yesterday on September 20, Union Minister Rajnath Singh conducted a press release where he clearly mentioned that farmers do not have to worry about anything. APMC and MSP (Minimum Support Price) would not be terminated as what the farmers were scared about. He also said that these bills would bring revolutionary times for the farmers as they can increase their incomes. When asked about the opposition views, he commented that those people are creating misunderstandings by telling lies and scaring the farmers. He also added that the opposition party misbehaved in the parliament and also with Rajya Sabha DY speaker.

As of now, the bill should get approval from the President to get implemented.

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National

REVIEWING THE AIRCRAFT AMENDMENT BILL,2020

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On February 4 2020 the Minister of Civil Aviation Shri Hardeep Singh Puri. The bill aims at amending the Aircraft Act, 1934.

Aircraft Act, 1934
The Aircraft Act, 1934 came into effect for providing better provisions for the control of the manufacture, possession, use, operation, sale, import, and export of aircraft.
After the Act’s enaction the act had been extended to the new provinces and merged states as per the guidelines of the Merged States (LAWS), Act 1949 (59 of 349), S.3 (1-1-1950) and to the Union territories of Manipur, Tripura and Vindhya Pradesh by the Union Territories (Laws) Act, 1950 (30 of 1950), S.3 (16-4-1950). Vindhya Pradesh now forms part of M.P. State Act 37 of 1956, S.9(1) (e) (1-1-1956), Manipur and Tripura are new States; See Act 81 of 1971, S.3(21-1-1972).
Aircraft Amendment Bill, 2020
After the Civil Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri proposed the bill on February 4 the bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on March 17, was also passed by the Rajya Sabha by the means of a voice vote.

Provisions of the Bill:

The Bill amends the Aircraft Act,1934 the bill regulates the manufacture, possession, use, operation, sale, import, and export of civil aircraft and licensing of aerodromes.
The Bill will provide statuary power to the regulatory institutions of Civil Aviation like the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS), and the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB).

The Civil Aviation Minister quoted “the amendment was necessary for light of the recent growth of the civil aviation sector,
DGCA: The bill entitles the DGCA to act as a watchdog. The DGCA will foresee the regulatory functions as mentioned in the bill for the growth of the civil aviation sector. The DGCA can levy up to Rs 1crore as a penalty on airlines, airports, and other key aviation entities.
BCAS: The BCAS will be carrying out regulatory and oversight functions on civil aviation security.
AAIB: To carry out investigation related to aircraft accidents and incidents.
Reasons behind the Amendment
The statuary power that the Bill provides to the civil aviation institutions is likely to help the civil aviation sector to improve India’s safety aviation rankings as recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
The bill intends to increase the fine amount for any violation of rules from RS 10 lakh to Rs 1 Crore for aviation sector stakeholders.
Under the Bill, the central government may cancel the licenses, certificates, or approvals granted to a person under the Act if the person contravenes any provision of the Act.

Exemptions
The aircrafts belonging to the navy, military, and air force of the Republic of India will be exempted from the bill
The extension of the exemption will also be extended to the other armed forces other than these three.
Challenges

The Disinvestment by the government from Air India has resulted in the firm incurring heavy losses (26 crores per day) the pandemic is expected to further increase the number of losses
According to recent data, there has been a rise in the number of near-miss incidents in the airspace, near miss is a close call that has the potential to cause great injury to humans or the environment but does not occur,
The aviation sector faces shortages of Air Traffic Controllers (ATC)
Because of the COVID- 19 pandemics there has been an increase in the drop in demand which has compelled the airlines and its stakeholders to face financial crisis.

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National

Not just on 2 oct, Gandhism is forever.

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Mohandas karamchand Gandhi, the father of the nation, had been one one of the most revolutionary men in the history of India. In his memory, on his auspicious day of his birth, we celebrate it as Gandhi Jayanti. Gandhiji inspired all of us towards freedom and secularism. His words have a huge landmark and they affected us in a great way.

“An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of teaching. “
Gandhiji was a man of his words. He not only advised people to practice non- violence and truth, but he Himself did practice in his entire life. His motive behind saying this is that by buffing heroic speeches and commanding, no man can gain respect in his life by others. Rather, he ought to execute those binding principles to make a real difference in yourself and others.

“An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind”

Once when gandhiji was arrested by the British officers. He sat in the middle of two English officers and just then, one of them said to Bapu ‘Donkey’ and the other said ‘arse’ as if directing towards him. Just then, Bapu said, “I am neither a donkey nor an arse, but I am actually sitting between both the two. ” This is how Bapu calmly shut their mouths without raising a hand. He always said, if a person slaps you on your left cheek, offer him the right one too. Revenge never works out well if you want go be equal.

I object to violence because when it appears to be good, the good is only temporary. The evil it does is permanent.
  The father of the nation always was the biggest supporter of peace. He knew that one can never achieve anything through harmful purposes. Once in Chauri Chaura during Non- cooperation movement on 4th Feb, 1922,the demonstrators set a police station on fire due to public outrage. It led to the death of 3 civilians and 22 policemen. Gandhi Bapu halted the movement immediately to stop further hazards. This shows how motivated he was towards his oath

Its easy to stand in a crowd. It takes courage to stand alone. When we have someone besides us, we always have the confidence in ourselves to achieve something. On the contrary, when we are all alone on our own, it makes us feel insecure of our decision power as we ourselves would be only responsible for our mistakes. Gandhiji taught us not to fear. If you are truly right against a 100 who are wrong, do not be afraid. Stand up for yourself. Clearly, when he was in Africa, he fought against racism alone and established a movement there.

I will not let anyone walk through my mind with their dirty feet.
A mind is only pure when it’s not filled with the stench of scepticism and uncertainty. He always had a dynamic control over his rash actions. Someone else’s negative energy and words should never demean your self esteem which hinders your ability. Gandhiji was an epitome of self control.

Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed By the things you didn’t do than the things you did.
Regret is always painful after you let the best opportunities slip out of your hand due to the fear of not being victorious. Gandhiji taught us that it is completely normal to fail in life. That is what makes you human. So don’t waste any chance to do what you love or you will always feel contrite when you wish you could have experienced them.

Strength does not come from  phphysical capacity. It comes from indomitable will.
The step one of success is go wish to gain it. The beliefs to do something helps you make history lasting a long time. The main attribute to win the world. Gandhiji was not a strong person. But yes, his capability to change the world came from his strong determination. That is what made him a better person.

Gandhiji had inspired a lot of Indians and people all over the globe to be a better person by his motivational thoughts. He made a huge impact kn everyone’s life in a huge way. On his birth anniversary, his big deeds and reminisced and he is remembered. He changed the world for good. For a better tomorrow. In a gentle way, he truly shook the  world.  

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National

Maharashtra Unlock 5.0

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Restaurants, bars and food courts in the state can reopen from October 5 and operate at 50% capacity, the state government said in its fresh ‘Mission Begin Again’ guidelines issued on Wednesday even as it extended the existing lockdown till October 31. The MVA government had indicated earlier that restaurants would be allowed to reopen soon.

Cinemas/ theatres/ multiplexes will be permitted to open with upto 50% of their seating capacity, for which, SOP will be issued by Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.

Business to Business (B2B) Exhibitions will be permitted to open, for which, SOP will be issued by the Department of Commerce.

Swimming pools being used for training of sportspersons will be permitted to open, for which the standard operating procedure (SOP) will be issued by Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports.

Entertainment parks and similar places will be permitted to open, for which the SOP will be issued by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

For re-opening of schools and coaching institutions, State/ UT Governments have been given the flexibility to take a decision after October 15, 2020, in a graded manner. The decision shall be taken in consultation with the respective school/ institution management, based on their assessment of the situation, and subject to the following conditions:

Online/ distance learning shall continue to be the preferred mode of teaching and shall be encouraged.

Where schools are conducting online classes, and some students prefer to attend online classes rather than physically attend school, they may be permitted to do so.

Students may attend schools/ institutions only with the written consent of parents.

Attendance must not be enforced, and must depend entirely on parental consent.

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