Indian Space Research Organization or ISRO, a reputed agency of India, has launched three new undergraduate, postgraduate courses online which would not charge any fee. Yes, you rightly heard, it’s free of cost. ISRO is accepting applications for these three courses. So, why you all are waiting? It is a very big opportunity so, go and fill the applications and grab this opportunity.
ISRO’s unit- Indian Institute of Remote Sensing(IIRS) will conduct these courses. These courses are of 7 to 12 days of duration. Participants can register for the program of their choice or all available courses.
Things to know
● Any year undergraduate and postgraduate can take the courses.
● This program is also open to technical or scientific staff of Central or State Government, and also to faculty and researchers working at Universities or Institutions.
● At the end of successful completion of the course, students will be awarded a certificate.
1) Geographical Information System
This free course introduces students to geographic phenomena, concepts and examples. The course will start from September 28 to October 15, 2020. Duration of the course is four weeks.
This course consists of data inputting, Geographic Information System, spatial analysis, and introductory concepts and overview.
2) Basics of Geocomputation and Geoweb Services
This free course provides information on Geocomputation. This course will start on 19 October and ends on October 29, 2020 and is a two week long course.
This course consist of Geocomputation technology, applications, introductory to online GIS, geo-web services, repositories, ISRO geoweb services, programming concepts for Geocomputation, introduction to Python and R.
A big well informative course I must say!
3) Remote sensing and GIS Applications
Lastly, this course would teach concepts including applications of remote sensing, GIS applications for crop resource assessment and remote sensing applications for geological studies. This course will begin on 2nd November and ends on 20th November, 2020 and the course duration is four weeks.
But, the minimum criteria will be 70% attendance and 40% marks in the online examination. Above all of that, students will get access to study materials such as lectures slides, demonstrations and others through e-class platforms of IIRS.
So, come forward and make this pandemic period of your’s more productive. You have the opportunity to take all these courses from the comfort of your home. By the help of these courses you will get to know more advanced physics. ISRO is doing such a great job by providing these free courses. We will be able to acknowledge many new things from these courses. We should fully grab these. Isn’t it?
FARMER BILL 2020, right or wrong ?
Farmer bill 2020 was passed on 17th September in Lok Sabha further, which left the farmers and opposition leaders infuriated
The farmer’s protest, the biggest the country has experienced in the past few years, it was intensified over the few days.
Thousands of farmers have made their way into the national capital and continue to raise voice for their demands
What does the bill say?
The bill claims to facilitate the substantial cause of farmers; Earlier farmers were obliged to sell their produce to government-regulated markets, or mandis, this bill aims to end the monopoly of APMC and inaugurate a free and capitalistic market.
These bills also enable the private organizations’ individuals to hoard essential commodities and produces, earlier only governmental bodies possessed the capability to do so: it even certified several rules for contract farming.
Another essential effect is going to be escorted by free markets which would end the state barriers and allow farmers to their produce to private organizations/individuals in any part of the country; earlier farmers were forced to sell their products within the state .
On paper these bills seem to be beneficial for the farmers, right ?
So , why are farmers protesting ?
1. Death of federalism : –
Considering the fact, Federalism is practiced in our nations and perhaps agriculture and markets are state subjects, the violates the principle of federalism, connotating the fact that it directly violates the Indian constitution.
2. End of MSPs :-
The Farmer’s produce trade and commerce ordinance aims at digressing the agriculture market from Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis for farmers, and even forbids any state government from assembling any kind of fees, levy, or cess originating from farmer or agricultural associates.
APMC was inaugurated to accomplish fair trade between buyers and sellers, APMC even possessed the capability to regulate the trade of farmers by presenting market fees or any other charges on trade, introducing a minimum cost for each commodity (MSP), assisting farmers to increase their production by providing them with adequate infrastructure.
The argument is justified because of the interpretation; dissolving these APMC would abolish minimum support prices.
3. Fluctuating prices :-
This bill fails to provide any mechanism for price fixations ; transferring the discretion of price into the hands of private, leaving the farmers in the hand of private player’s goodwill .
4. Denationalization of Edible commodities :-
The amendment in the bill abdicates cereals , pulses , oilseeds, edible oils , onion, and potatoes from the category of substantial commodities , the central government acquires the rights of regulating of supply during the war , famine , extraordinary price rise, and natural calamity .
The new bill says that , a stock limit may be imposed only if there is a 100% increase in retail price .
5. Jeopardization of food quality :-
The easing of regulation of food items could lead to a neglect in the quality of the crop as it would direct farmers , processors, or other agricultural associates to produce during the harvest season ; when prices are lower , and emancipating them when prices increases . It is being anticipated that this could resort to undermining food quality .
What is the governments response ?
At present several meetings have been held between government and representatives of farmers since November, but the government has rejected farmer’s demand of withdrawl of the 3 laws.
The farmers fear that laws passed in September, will deregulate the prices and obliterate their earnings. They even fear that these laws completely jettison’s the MSP(Minimum Support Prices) but the on the contrary side government has assured the farmers that they will continue the existence of Minimum support prices.
PM Modi have and his allies have insisted that these reforms will facilitate the condition sof farmers. he said that these reforms will allow farmers to market their produce and boost production through private investment.
In my opinion the government should comprehend and act upon the demands raised by farmers regarding the MSP’s, APMC’s and hinderances by the corporate players.
Although there have been verbal assurance given by the government that they will continue to provide MSP’s, but there is a necessity of a written assurance which covers all the demands raised by the farmers.
Agriculture : India’s primary occupation.
India’s primary occupation is Agriculture and there have been many reforms before and after independence in the field of agriculture. Farmers are our food lords and it is the most hardworking industry in India. Recently on 20th September, 2020 Parliament passed The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, 2020 and The Farmers Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020.
These two bills aimed at bringing transformation in the field of Agriculture and raising the income of the farmers.
The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce Bill, 2020 :
Provisions in the Bill:
1. The new legislation will create an ecosystem where the farmers and traders will enjoy freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agri-produce.
2. It will also promote barrier-free inter-state and intra-state trade and commerce outside the physical premises of markets notified under State Agricultural Produce Marketing legislations.
3. The Bill also proposes an electronic trading in transaction platform for ensuring a seamless trade electronically. In addition to mandis, freedom to do trading at farm gate, cold storage, warehouse, processing units etc.
4. Farmers will now get the benefits of direct trade and hence eliminating the intermediates resulting in full realising of price.
1. Procurement at Minimum Support Prices (MSP) will stop.
2. It has been a major doubt that if the goods will be sold outside the APMC than the mandis will stop functioning.
The Farmers Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020:
Provisions in the Bill:
1. The new legislation will empower farmers for engaging with processors, wholesalers, aggregators, wholesalers, large retailers, exporters etc., on a level playing field. Price assurance to farmers even before sowing of crops. In case of higher market price, farmers will be entitled to this price over and above the minimum price.
2. It will transfer the risk of market unpredictability from the farmer to the sponsor. Due to prior price determination, farmers will be shielded from the rise and fall of market prices.
3. It will also enable the farmer to access modern technology, better seed and other inputs.
4. It will reduce cost of marketing and improve income of farmers.
5. Impetus to research and new technology in agriculture sector.
1. Under contract farming, farmers will be under pressure and they will not be able to determine prices.
2. How will small farmers be able to practice contract farming, sponsors will shy away from them.
3. The new system will be a problem for farmers.
4. In case of dispute, big companies will be at an advantage.
After reading the above information the reader will understand that the bill that are passed are useless and there are no Clarification or Positive Impacts of this bill on the farmers. If observed on the above given negative impacts, it is clear that the farmers that are protesting since November 26, 2020 are in the fear of getting isolated in their own land and the whole farming process and then selling the crops will be in danger. The protests are not because thousands of farmers commit suicide every year, but to protect the flow that is going smoothly in the farming system.
Lacs of farmers and the organizations that are supporting the protest have made their tent at the border of the National capital, Delhi. Taking back the bill and cancelling the changes made in the system is the only solution to stop this protest. Internationally also there have been a greater support to the protest against the farmers act, 2020.
APMC is the best way to regulate the flow of the commodities of the farmers and the farmers are happy to take the help of the middleman because the middleman gives them the provision of flexible prices and the farmers are therefore not bounded to the prices. According to the new bill these middleman will be excluded and hence the farmers will lose control over the price regulation. Second problem is the APMC. APMC are excluded in the new bill and there will be trade outside the APMC, so they have fear of Shutting the Mandis. Mainly the farmers of the states Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana are upset with this Act.
In this protest against the farmers act not a single religion is targeted and all the religion combined with each other and supporting one another are there to keep going this protest. At the time of CAA and NRC, when the Muslims were backed out then the Sikhs helped them out by organizing langar at various places. So now the position of the farmers is at danger, by giving in return The Langar will go on 24×7 till the protest continues , said the team of Muslim Federation of Punjab.
This is a team of 25 members who are Muslim men been serving the Langar since Wednesday to the Farmers protesting at Delhi’s Singhu border. The team of the Muslim Federation of Punjab is led by Faaroqi Mubin, said that, “They have arrived at Singhu border to feed the farmers who have feed everyone”.
The hopes of these protesting Farmers were crushed when the fifth round of talks failed on 5th December and not taking their demand into consideration. The result is they will not fall back but will fight and keep the protest continue. Some of the Aspect are untold of this protest and this is very vulnerable to the society and for the people living in the society.