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FIDE ONLINE CHESS OLYMPIAD

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The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams representing nations of the world compete. FIDE organises the tournament and selects the host nation.
The use of the name “Chess Olympiad” for FIDE’s team championship is of historical and implies no connection with the Olympic Games.
Birth of the Olympiad

The first Olympiad was unofficial. For the 1924 Olympics an attempt was made to include chess in the Olympic Games but this failed because of problems with distinguishing between amateur and professional players.[1] While the 1924 Summer Olympics was taking place in Paris, the 1st unofficial Chess Olympiad also took place in Paris. FIDE was formed on Sunday, July 20, 1924, the closing day of the 1st unofficial Chess Olympiad.[2]
FIDE organised the first Official Olympiad in 1927 which took place in London. The Olympiads were occasionally held annually and at irregular intervals until World War II; since 1950 they have been held regularly every two years.
The FIDE Online Olympiad, a major online chess event for national teams, will run from July 25-August 30 on the Chess.com server. With 163 teams and over 1,500 participants from all over the world, the tournament will be a truly global team event destined to captivate chess fans throughout the summer.

While the over-the-board Olympiad has been postponed to 2021 due to the coronavirus, this unique, online edition will unite the chess world over the course of five weeks. Between July 25 and August 23, teams will play on Chess.com in separate divisions, in a competition that leads up to a playoff phase held August 27-30.

FORMAT OF OLYMPIAD

Each team consists of six main players, including at least two women, at least one player who is 20 or younger, and at least one girl who is 20 or younger. Each team may have up to six reserves: two players in each of the first two categories and one player in each of the latter categories.
The time control for all matches will be 15 minutes for the game and five seconds increment per move, starting from move one. Each pool is played within three days, three rounds per day.
The line-up of teams are Russia as the top seed, followed by China, USA, and Armenia. A total of 223 grandmasters have signed up among over 1,000 titled players in total. Some of the biggest names participating include GMs Ding Liren, Ian Nepomniachtchi, Alexander Grischuk, Levon Aronian, Viswanathan Anand, Anish Giri, and Wesley

First, the Base Division takes off with the lowest-ranked teams, based on the combined results in the open and women’s sections at the 2018 Batumi Chess Olympiad 2018. The top 12 teams from the Base Division qualify for Division 4, which will also have 38 seeded teams. 50 teams are divided into five pools and each pool plays a round-robin of nine rounds.
The top three teams of each pool qualify for Division 3, which also has 35 seeded teams. Again, 50 teams will be divided into five pools for another round-robin of nine rounds each. The top three teams of each pool qualify for Division 2, joined by 35 seeded teams for, again, a round-robin of nine rounds.

The top three first teams of each pool qualify for the Top Division, which will also have five seeded teams (based on the 2018 Gaprindashvili Cup final standings) and five nominated teams for each of the four continents. In this phase, 40 teams are divided into four pools where each pool plays a round robin of nine rounds.

The top three teams of each pool qualify for the playoffs where 12 teams start with a knockout tournament, followed by quarterfinals, semi-finals, and finals.

The Chess Olympiad is one of the oldest traditions in chess and one of the most prestigious sporting gatherings in the world,” said FIDE President Arkady Dvorkovich. “They are a celebration of chess, but also an example of how people from all the countries in the world join together, play together, and then they go back to their respective countries with an important message: that all peoples in the world are just part of one big family.
“Such gathering is not physically possible under the current circumstances. But the Online Olympiad will serve the purpose of reminding us of these important concepts: the celebration of diversity, the exchange of ideas, the sportsmanship, and the mutual respect between people and culture.”

Arkady Dvorkovich
“We’re delighted to team up with FIDE and the sponsors Gazprom and Ugra for this historic event,” said Nick Barton, Chess.com’s Director of Business Development, Strategy, and Growth. “Having the opportunity to bring together over a thousand players from around the world is the perfect way to showcase the inclusive powers of chess during a difficult time.”

The Online Olympiad is the third major cooperation between FIDE and Chess.com in 2020. It comes shortly after the Women’s Speed Chess Championship, a competition for female players held between June 18 and July 20, 2020, won by Ukrainian GM Anna Ushenina. The Online Nations Cup was a team competition held from May 5-10, 2020, won by China and also featuring Russia, USA, Europe, India, and a team representing the “Rest of the World.”

After an opening ceremony on July 24, the Online Olympiad takes off on July 25. All matches can be followed on Chess.com/live and Chess.com/events and will have expert commentary on Chess.com/tv.

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All about perseverance rover, NASA’s mission to mars.

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Perseverance rover is one in all the foremost explorer which landed on mars as part of NASA’s ongoing 2020 mars missions. The rover was launched in July and executed its landing on 18th February. The rover has travelled a distance of 293 million miles to achieve mars since its landing on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket on July 20. Perseverance isn’t just another rover mission. Perseverance is taken into account to be the foremost advanced and costliest rover sent to mars. NASA had invested around $2.4 Billion to make and launch the mission. Another $300 million is anticipated to be spent so as to keep up the operational qualities within the rover.


The rover could be a size of a tiny low car, weighing around one ton and is ten feet long by 9 feet tall. It even contain some external equipment. First, it’s harboured a singular instrument called the MOXIE or Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment. MOXIE was an instrument designed to provide oxygen on Mars by transmogrifying the carbonic acid gas molecules present within the Martian atmosphere.


The second major equipment harboured by the rover which can be the cornerstone of human existence on mars in upcoming years; ISRU. ISRU means in place Resource Utilization: or the employment of local resources to fulfil human needs or requirements of the spacecraft. Without ISRU, exploration of Mars within the future decades are going to be incredibly expensive and thereby impossible. ISRU’s ain objective is to initialize the basin human demands for the long run astronauts who will visit mars. If astronauts need to carry oxygen or water or rocket propellent for his or her journey for a two-year journey to Mars and back, the price are going to be understandably excessive. In a way, this is often almost like a traveller from New Delhi having to hold their own oxygen, food supplies and aircraft fuel for a two-year stay in New York: the price per passenger are going to be incredibly high.


If oxygen are often successfully extracted on Mars in some significant scale, this will have two direct advantages: first, the oxygen are often used for human visitors to Mars, and second, the oxygen will be wont to manufacture propellant for the return journey. Thus, if the technology demonstration is successful, NASA can easily proportion the oxygen generation rate per day for MOXIE by 100 times: this could be of great use for a future human mission to Mars.


Third, Perseverance will carry Ingenuity, the primary ever helicopter to fly Mars. this can be the primary time NASA will fly a helicopter on another planet or satellite. Ingenuity may be a technology demonstration: the challenge, of course, is to fly the helicopter within the thin atmosphere of Mars. sort of a drone Earth, a Mars helicopter can help in rover drive planning and in fetching samples from locations that the rover cannot safely drive to. If this technology demonstration is successful, we’ll see a greater role for such helicopters in future missions.


Fourth, Perseverance is that the planned commencement to bring back rock samples from Mars for analysis in sophisticated laboratories on Earth: with the goal of searching for biosignatures: or signatures of present or past life. Perseverance will collect samples and a second rover mission will fly within a decade to assist transport the rock samples back to Earth.
The analysis of Martian rocks on Earth will likely provide a reliable indication of whether life on Mars is possible within the past or at this time.


What will the perseverance do ?


Perseverance is that the opening move in an exceedingly multi-step project to bring samples back from Mars. The study of the returned rock samples in sophisticated laboratories everywhere the planet will hopefully provide a decisive answer on whether life existed on Mars within the past.


Here are the steps within the Sample Return:
As the start, Perseverance will collect rock and soil samples in 43 cigar-sized tubes. The samples are collected, the canisters are sealed, and left on the bottom.
The second step is for a Mars Fetch Rover (provided by the eu Space Agency) to land, drive, and collect all samples from the various locations, and return to the lander.
The Fetch Rover will then transfer the canisters to the Ascent Vehicle. The Mars Ascent Vehicle will meet with an Orbiter after which the Orbiter will carry the samples back to Earth.


This long-term project is termed MSR or Mars Sample Return. MSR will revolutionise our understanding of the evolutionary history of Mars. If MSR is successfully executed, we are going to have an inexpensive answer of whether there was microscopic life on Mars.
But MSR does have its risks. If one in every of the components fails, just like the Fetch Rover or the Mars Ascent Vehicle, MSR is doomed. A hidden risk is strategic. At the price of MSR, there can be 5-10 spacecraft missions to different parts of the solar system: so hence, by choosing MSR, NASA forecloses the choice to undertake those other missions.

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Ipl auction 2021

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Ipl is the most awaited season or Indians consider it as a tyohar( a festival). Whether it ipl auction or ipl finale it is one of the most awaited days in India where fans all over India stick to the auction streaming channels and enjoy complete auction.

The Indian Premier league 2021 season is officialy about to begin with its official auction in Chennai, today on 3pm IST. All the team owners and key stakeholders are in Chennai waiting for the auction to begin.

Although this auction is not going to be big one as new teams are likely to be added next year.
This year IPL auction will encompass of 292 players – 164 of them Indian and 125 foreigners and 3 associate player. 8 franchises will be looking forward to buy players this time—

Chennai Super Kings (CSK), Delhi Capitals (DC), Punjab Kings, Kolkata Knight Riders
(KKR), Mumbai Indians (MI), Rajasthan Royals (RR), Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) and Sunrisers Hyderabad (SRH)

This year teams are provided with sixty-one slots. With Royal challengers acquiring the maximum vacancies ; 11 , and harbouring funds worth 25.4 crore, whereas Sunrises Hyderabad hoarding only 3 slots and funds worth 10.75 crore.
Due to covid-19 restriction last year IPL was coerced to be held in UAE but this time efforts will be directed to do the opposite and make it happen in India.

What are the rules of IPL auction ?
IPL auction have certain rules to which all franchises would have to adhere to :-

Rule No. 1: Franchises are forbidden from spending beyond their allotted fund. As a total of 85 crore was assigned to all franchises as a part of their funds KXIP have a whopping Rs.53.2 crore left in their purse to spend on players. Sunrisers Hyderabad (SRH) and Kolkata
Knight Riders (KKR) have the least money in purse (Rs. 10.75 crore).

Rule No. 2 : Of the total sum of money assigned to each team, any franchise is forced to spend at least 75% of the amount. If the player count is met before team expenditure reaches 75% then the rest of funds left will directly channelize into the account of BCCI.

Rule No. 3 : The Right to Match (RTM) card choice would not be open to franchises,
meaning they will not be able to match the offers of other franchises and re-sign the players they released before this auction. Therefore, franchises will need to be interested in the
bidding war to re-sign a released player.

Rule No. 4 : BCCI has initialized the maximum and minimum number of players any team can harbour. Each franchise can have maximum of 25 Indian players and a minimum of 17 Indian players. Similarly, there is a limit on international players as well. Each franchise can have a maximum of 8 international players.

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Pushing the limits: Two youngsters on their way to the journey of 11000 km on a bicycle across INDIA

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We all once in life have had a thought of taking a long ride on a bicycle but unfortunately most of the time it fade away. But there are some people around us who has such dedication and run vigorously to accomplish what they thought of. Yes I’m talking about a cycle ride which is on the way peddling across the different 65 cities of India including 14 states covering a total distance of 11000Kms!!! Waooo….even I’m feeling such a thrill while writing this.

Two youngsters from Maharashtra, Sunil Thorat (Aurangabad) and Santosh Balgir (Latur) pushing the peddles relentlessly on roads of different terrains which not only covering a physical distance but conquering their limits and pushing them each time attaining the milestones.

Sunil and Santosh started this journey on December 18, 2020 from the Latur district of Maharashtra. And now after 39 days of a ride they successfully reached to the southern boundary of India, Kanyakumari. So far they’ve covered a total distance of around 2250Kms. They have decided to compelte this ride in 140 days! Take a bow Brothers…this is insane!! They are literally doing an astounding task which is not everyone’s cup of tea.

When asked by the paradox team about the sole purpose behind this ride, two youngsters told that they are doing this spread an awareness of “Conservation and Preservation of Word heritage and Historical monuments”.

Also they are dedicating this great ride to the defense personnel of our country. A noble gesture to show their gratitude for our defense sectors.

They’ve started their journey with limited sources of finance. Raised money from friends and family. Most importantly they emphasized on how some great people from Government officials to Radio, media and educational fields came and standing behind them. Also during ride various strangers coming and helping them anyway they can. This is the beuty of Humanity. People are seeing their mania and hardwork, becoming helping hands for their journey!

They are now heading towards their journey on the Northern parts of India. Here’s the map of ride. They named this ride, “BharatBhraman- a ride across India”

By keeping their passion alive and feeding them with such a great motive, these boys vigorously pushing themselves hard. This is not less than a big valour. The valour of dedication, passion and strength. You guys literally an inspiration to many.

They also remarkably said, “Its not only we, achieving this dream but each of them who once had or have a thought to attempt such adventure.” So the dream is no longer just theirs, it is a dream of many others.

On the occasion of this Republic day, we team paradox, urge everyone who’s reading this to send them good wishes for their further ride and help them in any way you can. If you want to give donations, you can contact us on our Email or simply DM us at any social media platform. We’ll make sure your contribution transparently reach to Sunil and Santosh.

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