Inside your cranium is the thing that does the reading, thinking, feeling. This thing, the human brain, has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack somewhere. It is to these distinctive capabilities that we owe our dominant position on the planet. Other animals have stronger muscles and sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. Our modest advantage in general intelligence has led us to develop language, technology, and complex social organization. The advantage has compounded over time, as each generation has built on the achievements of its predecessors.
Intelligence is rare and valuable community, and we should proud that we are having this with us. From the mysterious brain of Dolphins and the nature’s greatest Architect, Spider, to our beloved Siri, Alexa and driverless cars – intelligence is the most powerful and precious resource in existence. There are countless untapped opportunities for advance technologies to have significant impact on world.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Almost all of us encountered with this words anywhere in life. And also have some idea about it like we are quickly relate this to Google and it’s not wrong Google is widely using AI technology everywhere.
Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that specifically programmed to think like human and mimic their actions. In simple way, AI is the programming given to the machine to work as Human mind such as learning, problem solving, thinking etc.
AI is ubiquitous now, used to recommend what should you buy, gives you suggestions on you tube, sort out the music list depends on your actions and mood, Alexa, siri, Google assistant, who’s photo, what’s in photo, spam detection Netflix, everywhere you found the AI. Depending on how machine compares with the humans in terms of versatility and performance, AI can be classified under one, among the multiple type of AI. Based on their likeness to the human mind and their ability to “think” and perhaps even “feel” like humans, there are four types of AI or AI based systems;
Oldest form of AI and extremely limited capability. These machines do not have memory based functionality. So they do not ability to Learn. They could only be used for limited set of inputs. The popular example of this AI machine is IMB’s Deep Blue machine that beat chess Grandmaster Garry Kasparov in 1977
-Limited memory machines
In addition to having the capabilities of Reactive machines, they also capable of learning from previous data to make decisions. Nearly all the present AI applications are falls under this category such as Virtual Assistant, chatbots, self -driging cars, image learner etc. You might have heard about Deep learning, it also comes under this category.
– Theory of Mind
Above types of AI have been found in abundance, the next two type of AI exist, for now either as concept or the research and work on them in progress. This are the next level AL system which researchers are currently innovating them. This category allows us to understand the entities interacting with by deeply their needs, emotions, belief, thought process and decisions making. Artificial Emotional Intelligence is already budding industry working under this category.
– Self- aware
The final stage of AI development which currently exist only hypothetically. It refers to AI which, is self explanatory and evolved to be so akin to the human brain. Creating this type of AI would take decades and it will always be the ultimate objective of AI system research.
Next we’ll see the alternative system of generally used by various tech companies. Classification of technology into;
Artificial Narrow Intelligence –
It represents all.the existing AI including the most complex Deep learning and Machine learning system. This machine can do nothing more than what they are programmed to do and thus they are limited or narrow range of competencies. This sort of AI more commonly seen in the movies like HAL in 2001 or Skynet in The Terminator
Artificial General Intelligence –
Ability to learn, perceive, understand, and function same like human beings. The concept or technology of Bio mimicking is from this category. If you want to learn more about Bio mimicking, let me know in the comments I’m sure you will have interest to learn about it. Its quite interesting. This system makes AI just as capable as human replicating our multifunctional capabilities.
Artificial Super-intelligence –
This is utmost, by far the most capable form of intelligence on Earth. Probably mark the Everest of AI research. In addition of Bio-mimics capabilities like human beings, it also has huge memory, fast data processing and analysis and decision making capabilities. Many of experts believes that having such potential powerful machines may mark the fate of human existence, may threatens our way of life. Several movies are made on this topic. There is also a wonderful book written on this titled “Superintelligence ” by Nick Bostrom.
Seeing the picture of current AI development, there is a long way to get the ultimate advance AI system. Computer power is growing, algorithms and AI models becoming more sophisticated and somewhere generating the unimaginable volume of data measured in billions of gigabytes everyday. As a result AI is being tightly interwoven into our life. “We are currently in the middle of a powerful new wave of Artificial Intelligence.”
If your brain is curious to know more about AI technology check out the following link. It has whole You Tube original series titled The Age of AI hosted by our beloved Ironman, Robert Downey jr. Just see first 10 min and I bet you can’t see just one episode.
Scientists spot a sign of possible Life on Venus
VENUS- Earth’s evil twin it’s clouds are made of battery acids. At 900 degrees its surface heat enough to melt lead, Venus is pretty much like the biblical vision of hell today. This may be the hostile real estate in the solar system yet billions of years ago Venus looked alike Earth but to the near of sun Venus was doomed and Earth blossomed. Venus burned yet even here life may thrive.
An international team of astronomers has detected a rare molecule in the atmosphere of Venus that could be produced by living organisms. The discovery instantly puts the brightest planet in the night sky back into the conversation about where to search for extraterrestrial life.
The surface of Venus is a more like a hell. However, some layers of its clouds spot surprisingly hospitable temperatures and pressures. Phosphine is a poisonous gas however, the organizers of the study and other experts agree that the presence of phosphine is not proof of life on another planet.
As astronomers look for signs of life outside our solar system, one method is to look for chemicals that result only from biological processes. These processes are known as bio-signatures.
Phosphine can form only in two ways on Earth. It can be created by an industrial process, or it can come from a biological process in animals and microbes that is not well understood. Some scientists consider it as a waste product.
It’s said that phosphine can be found in the bottom of ponds, the insides of animals like badgers and in the waste of penguins. The astronomers carefully looked at all the possibilities for production of the phosphine: volcanoes, lightning strikes or meteorites falling into the atmosphere. Not a single process we looked at could produce phosphine in high enough quantities to explain the team’s findings.
Furthermore, it is noticed that 50 kilometers above the planet’s surface, in Venus’ thick carbon dioxide clouds, it is about room temperature. The clouds are mostly made up of sulfuric acid. But they also contain droplets with very small amounts of water.
The scientists asked themselves if the phosphine could be coming from microbes living inside the sulfuric acid droplets. Than when the droplets fall to the ground, they might dry out but could collect in other droplets and reanimate.
Venus is one of the most beautiful objects in Earth’s sky. But at a closer glance, the less lovely it becomes. Venus is roughly the same mass as Earth. Many scientists think that Venus was once covered in water and possessed an atmosphere where life as we know it could have flourished.
In earlier days of the solar system, Earth was not so hospitable to the desires we have. Even an entire biosphere that did not survive in the oxygen-rich environment that later developed. And much as Earth over time became a home for jellyfish, ferns, dinosaurs and Homo sapiens, Venus was transformed by something into a hell.
Today, the second planet from the sun has an atmosphere stifled by carbon dioxide gas, and surface temperatures that average more than 800 degrees Fahrenheit. The dense atmosphere of Venus exerts a pressure of more than 1,300 pounds per square inch on anything at the surface. That is more than 90 times the 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level on Earth, or the equivalent to being 3,000 feet underwater in the ocean.
For the last two decades, scientists keep making new discoveries that collectively imply a significant increase of the likelihood to find life elsewhere. Many scientists would not have guessed that Venus would be a significant part of this discussion. But, just like an increasing number of planetary bodies, Venus is proving to be an exciting place of discovery.
If there really is phosphine on Venus, its believed there could be no other obvious explanation than anaerobic life.
Chandrayaan: A successful series
Chandrayaan as its name suggests the vehicle for the moon. All the series of Chandrayaan have been very successful and have been sending very valuable and unique pictures of the moon. The Chandrayaan-2 has completed one whole year on 7th September 2020. It has shown good progress up in the orbit of the moon. We have been trying to reach the moon and find out the valuable resources up there. An atmosphere like Earth, maybe we can create it there. Water was also found by the previous versions of Chandrayaan. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been trying to reach the south pole of the moon and find the water existence.
Talking about Chandrayaan-3 it will be launched in March 2021 and will be slightly different from its predecessor Chandrayaan-2. Chandrayaan-3 will not have an orbiter but it will only consist of a lander and a rover. Due to the Corona pandemic situation, there has been a delay in launching Chandrayaan-3. The target area will be the South Pole of the moon and the rocket used in this is the most powerful rocket of ISRO till date is the GSLV Mark 3. The launch site will at Satish Dhawan space center.
Moon is the closest we can explore. Moon may have some of the properties of the Earth because of the close distance. Chandrayaan-1 sent some images of rusting on the poles of the moon that show that there is the existence of water and oxygen because if these two elements are there then only the iron-rich rocks that are present there can react and rusting can happen. Because of the hard landing, Chandrayaan-2 ‘s Vikram lander had some problems but it is there in the lunar orbit and has enough fuel to survive till 7 long years. Chandrayaan-3 is a repeat mission of version 2 and it has an only lander and lunar rover and it is planned that this time there will be a soft landing. So hoping for the good and Chandrayaan-3 will be at its new heights soon.
Following this timeline Ministry also announced the first crewed orbiter namely Gaganyaan. This project will be launched in December 2021. An extent to 400km in the Earth’s orbit and the rocket used here is also GSLV mark 3. The maximum space for the crew is 3. Hope this would be a success.
Year of tech convergence 2020
Well, as far as the COVID-19 is concerned, it’s successful in completely destroying the year 2020. But, some inventions or concepts that might be successful in future can bring a smile on your face. So, after short listing we have come up with the list.
1. 5G connections.
5G can come up everywhere You may have already seen ads about 5G wireless phones. AT&T and Verizon both are setting up small connection points in public places, like sports stadiums, to show off what’s to come. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Right now, 5G doesn’t have a lot of range, which is why it can only be used in small areas, but that won’t always be the case.
According to Computer World, the 5G implementations out there right now use millimetre-wave technology, which uses the highest frequencies, but has the least range, which is why it can currently only cover portions of an NFL stadium, for example. This will change, however, as lower-frequency service is on the way, too, and while it won’t be as fast, it will have greater range, and still be way faster than 4G LTE, the current standard.
The most exciting thing about 5G, though, is that it’s not just for phones. 5G will be a full-on broadband internet service, meaning that instead of having one service for your mobile devices and one for home internet, you’ll be able to get home 5G and take it with you, as well. That also means less reliance on Wi-Fi and more potential for devices with their own, dedicated connection.
2. Electric car batteries.
Electric car batteries will only get better Electric cars are becoming more likely to replace standard cars every year, but currently, one of the biggest things holding them back are batteries. Your typical electric car today only has a range of 150 to 310 miles and takes an hour or more to charge. Once your vehicle runs out of juice, you might be stuck waiting for it to recharge.
But two new innovations are on the way. First, a new discovery has reduced those hours long charge times down to just 10 minutes. It works by increasing the temperature of the battery as it charges, which researchers have found causes the charging reaction to occur far more quickly than it did before. Best of all, this doesn’t degrade the battery at all, according to Science. The battery’s lifespan remains the same.
Meanwhile, Swiss company Innolith claims to have created a new electric car battery than can offer 600 miles on a charge, according to The Verge. That’s more than two tanks of gas for your average fossil fuel vehicle. It will take some time to release, and there are some skeptical folks out there, as independent researchers and reviewers haven’t gotten to take a look at the battery themselves just yet. Even still, the race to create a more efficient and higher capacity battery is ongoing now, and they’re only going to improve.
People will be able to feel things in virtual reality Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) made a big splash in the last decade, but things will only get more interesting from here, starting with the ability to touch and feel the things we see through all the various kinds of computer-generated imagery. While experiments of this sort have been tried in the past, the results were often very bulky and required a ton of power, necessitating large batteries to be attached.
Now, though, new technologies are allowing for tactile “skins” that are far thinner and require far less power. One of these is developed by John A. Rogers and his team at North-western University. Their skin uses tiny, thin discs to create vibrations instead of bigger actuators you might find in a gaming controller or phone, which use a lot more power. What’s more, they’re thin enough they can be charged using near-field technology, meaning less reliance on large batteries, according to Scientific American.
Meanwhile, Swiss researchers at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have developed their own tactile skin, which works similarly, but uses pneumatic actuators instead and can provide very delicate amounts of tactile feedback all the way up to one Newton of force. These aren’t the only two groups working on this, either, so it’s likely there will be hepatic feedback patches all the way up to clothing like gloves and, someday, entire suits of second skin.
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