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Assam floods: Unpredictable,uncovered disaster.

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Water, the second most important factor of living can also turn tables to us unexpectedly! The “unpredictable” disasters of nature have shown a colossal effect on Assam. 

Every coming year brings loss of human and animal lives, broken chain of infrastructure and an emotional breakdown of that every civilian who voted. The another channel of floodwaters washed over Assam last week. Over 27,63,719 people in 25 districts had vastly been affected, the death toll had risen to 79. Some 47,465 people have taken shelter in 649 relief camps across the state. Excess of water took a huge toll on livestock and affected deepening the loss of over 1,16,404 hectares of cultivated area according to report by Hindustan Times.

Among the mightiest rivers of India is Brahmaputra, a trans- boundary river that passes through Assam. Instability of sedimentation and steep slopes makes it extremely dangerous. Additionally, the entire area falls under in an earthquake- prone zone under disastrous blessings of coal mines.

Coal, one of the main reasons for the pollution of India. Out of World’s top 10 polluted cities, 6 are of India. India’s coal industry kills 1,20,000 people every year, says Greenpeace.

‘First flooding’ was considered a good omen previously as it was precious for replenishing the fertility of the land. However, undue flooding leaves the region staggering on an annual basis and ironically they are affected by the side effects of good human causes in the form of coal mining.
Human good causes have given nature so much that a well derived formula: Human Factor+ Good cause= Natural DisastersCoal mining is a responsible factor for flooding to fire and explosion. With numerous tragic and major loss events in the headlines over past months, let’s see what are the main risks affecting this sector and how these can be mitigated.

While, the mining industry has the potential to disrupt ecosystems by wiping out wildlife populations in many different ways, the clearing of land i.e. Deforestation, leads to floods in downstream areas as it reduces the upstream area’s capacity to absorb rainwater, resulting in greater proportions of runoff flowing water into the city. Tailings also wash into the area’s rivers from mines, which restrict their flow.
Assam is endowed with both the monsoon rains and the Himalayan rivers, of which the major contribution is by the Brahmaputra. No geographical good news can match this. Although each year, lives are lost, millions are displaced, villages, crops, and basic infrastructure get destroyed in Assam. The melted water in summer merges with the monsoon, causing the annual flooding.

At the time when we look at the solutions for flooding, the faulty embankments worsen the situation.

What would console the flood hit citizen when the structure meant to control the floods worsens it more?
4,500 km immense Embankments encircling 103 tributaries, alongside the Brahmaputra have been built costing Rs 30,000 crore over last 60 years by successive governments in Assam reported by The Quint.
While Embankments protects some, they destroy some!Taking the instance of Dibrugarh village, which falls on the southern bank of Brahmaputra. Its massive embankment protects it from the floods but a village nearby Patra Gaon, strikes with flood frequently as it does not have Embankments. So when the floods come, the embankments channel the floodwater in abundance and high intensity towards these suburbs. While one village is saved, the other is left to deal with a double-whammy waters doubling their trouble. Landslides due to Mining and faulty drainage have weakened Assam’s aging embankments. Moreover, 80% of them are poorly maintained.
Civilizations have always development around rivers and so is the situation in North East. Townships have sprung up across Assam without proper flood-risk management.

Is it limited to North-East regions?

Not only kaziranga but every other national parks faces problems because of Mining. Extensive deforestation and cutting of highlands have only worsened the situation.
The NTCA has blamed the “stone mining or quarrying established in the intervening area” between Kaziranga and Karbi Anglong hills for “destroying the wildlife habitat which is essential for long-ranging species like tigers, wild buffalos and Indian elephant.”
After the glance of Elephants slaying in Kerala, the whole nation felt sorrow and irony is that the permissions are granted for mining in an elephant reserve. Dehing Patkai, amazon of India where 98 hectares of land is eroded because of mining. Also, in Chattisgarh the Mahanadi which is a livelihood for local people, and Hasdeo Arand forest. Is drying up, and also getting polluted just to fulfill the demand for coal. This affected more than 4 crores of people.
Why animals are killed due to floods?It is told that the flooding is essential for the survival of Kaziranga National Park, world-famous for its one-horned rhinos. Earlier the animals could simply shift to higher surface within the park. “The Karbi Anglong hill is as a hill that is visible to the wild animals from a distance,” explained Bibhab Kumar Talukdar, CEO of NGO Aaranyak, which works on nature and wildlife preservation. But in 2019, as 90% of Kaziranga got flooded, the water engulfed every inch of the park even the higher ground. Unexpectedly, the animals had nowhere to run. And according to the numbers of government of State, animal deaths are shocking – 350 animals killed in 2016, 503 in 2017.

Is There a Solution?
Well, to stop mining is not possible. As India is developing nation and coal has a lion’s share in it. But the stakeholders of India can direct the country towards sustainable development.
Himanshu Thakkar, Head of South Asia Network on dams, rivers and people suggests:Better Flood forecasting i.e. Information about floods forecasts should reach the affected villages in time. We must strengthen just those embankments that are really required. And in place of constructing embankments, we should create more space for the river, inspite of restricting it. 

Another possible solution is a Sponge City. A sponge city is a city that is designed to passively absorb, clean and use rainfall in an ecologically familiar way that reduces hazardous and polluted runoff. It is connected to the main water plant of city.Associated techniques contain spongy roads, rainwater harvesting, rooftop gardens and water conservatives such as ponds and lakes, even China and Japan is working on the same concept.
In the latest budget for 2020, the government has allotted Rs. 600 crores for “exploration of coal and lignite”, an increase of 20% compared to the Rs. 500 crores allotted in 2019. Meanwhile, the budget for “conservation, safety, and infrastructure development in coal mines” have been reduced by almost 33% from Rs. 200 crore in 2019 to Rs 135 crore in the budget (Data taken from www.gov.in)
It’s high time for us to realize the importance of Sustainable development. The actions are taken, NTCA has instructed the Assam government to take “immediate action” to end mining, quarrying and stone crusher undertakings within a 10 km radius of the tiger reserve. But that’s not enough
India needs to shift it’s focus from coal to solar, before the outbreak of COVID-19, Sunil Dahiya, an analyst at the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air, said there was “a clear indication that coal will not fuel future electricity growth,” which will mostly be provided by renewables such as solar and wind. Reported by Boell organization.
Climate challanging crises are a new normal across the world. A magic pill that is specified to battle these impacts is complete phasing out of coal and transitioning to renewable power.
A report by the International Renewable Energy Agency’s (IRENA) said that renewable energy could assign more than 40 million people by 2050. It said that total energy sector job can reach 100 million by 2050, so the growth can be achieved even faster. If we take a step to make a change.Perhaps it’s time that we end being normalizing on the yearly demolition and act, not just react.
Remember, the most important stakeholders of a country are it’s citizens!

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नैसर्गिक आपत्ती : ओला दुष्काळ

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पाऊस ही जरी नैसर्गिक आपत्ती असली. तरी या आपत्तीचे मूळ कारण पर्यावरणाचा हास आहे.
नैसर्गिक नियमांचे उल्लंघन, जाणते-अजाणतेपणी केलेल्या चुकांची दीर्घ रांग आहे. सृष्टीमधील असमतोल वाढत आहे.
निसर्ग कोपला तर सुनामी, दुष्काळ,चक्रिवादळ, ढगफुटी, प्रलय यांना सामोरे जावे लागणार.

आपल्या बुद्धीच्या जोरावर मानव जमिनीवरील चढ-उतार ,ओघळी,
ओढेनाले नष्ट करून त्यावर सिमेंटची जंगले निर्माण करू लागला आहे. पूर्वी एकत्र कुटुंब पद्धत होती पण आता प्रत्येक व्यक्तीला स्वतंत्र रूम बंगला असावा वाटतोय. त्यातच त्याला खूप मोठेपणा वाटतोय. माणसाचा हव्यास वाढतच चाललाय .
उत्तराखंड मध्ये झालेली ढगफुटी त्या देवभुमीत झालेले तांडव. तेथील लोकांना आलेले चित्तथरारक अनुभव आपण विसरू शकणार नाही. गेल्यावर्षी कोल्हापूर सांगली आणि आता पुणे-सोलापुर जिल्ह्यांना पावसाने हैराण केले आहे . ओढे, नद्या ,धरणे तुडूंब भरली आहेत. आज कित्येक संसार पाण्याखाली आहेत .लोक खूप घाबरलेली आहेत जीव मुठीत धरून प्रत्येक जण निवाऱ्याच्या शोधात आहे. टीव्ही ,मोबाईल यांच्यावर बघणं आणि प्रत्यक्षात अनुभव घेणे यात जमीन अस्मानाचा फरक आहे. डोळ्यासमोर माणसे, वाहने वाहत असताना पाहिले. निसर्गाने रौद्ररूप धारण केले आहे .पावसाने रस्ते वाहून गेले ,जमिनी खचल्या, जुनी बांधकामे पडली, दुकानांमध्ये पाणी शिरले खूप नुकसान होऊन माणूस हतबल ठरला आहे .क्षणात सर्व स्वप्ने पावसापाण्यात गेली . शेतकऱ्यांचा हातातोंडाशी आलेला घास क्षणात नष्ट झाला .वर्षभराची मेहनत एका क्षणात पाण्यात गेली .आता जगायचं कसं हा प्रश्न शेतकऱ्यांसमोर उभा आहे आणि जगलं तर काय खायचं सरकारच्या मदतीची ठिगळ त्यांच्या जगण्याला पूर पडेल का ?दावणीला बांधलेल्या जनावरांचे काय हा प्रश्न कोण सोडवेल ?

माणसातलं माणूस पण मदत करतय . शासकीय व्यवस्थापनाला लागलीय. प्रत्येक मदतीचा हात पुढे येणे गरजेचे आहे कारण प्रत्येकावर ही वेळ येणार आहे .स्वार्थी विचार सोडून देणे गरजेचे आहे. निसर्गाच्या विरुद्ध जाणार नाही.
हा अनमोल विचार प्रत्येकाने ठरवला पाहिजे.
निसर्गावर करू नका मात प्रलय रूपात तो करेल तुमचा घात.

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iPhone 12 Series: How will it make 5G Mainstream

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iPhone 12 Series: How will it make 5G Mainstream
Now the world is greatly enhanced by its technologies and you can hear about new technologies being raised every day. How is that even possible that you are talking about technology, but not about mobile phones, especially Apple’s iPhone? Apple recently launched its iPhone 12 series. Launched on 13th October, 2020 is a tremendous upgrade of Apple’s features. iPhone 12 is ideal for anyone who doesn’t need Pro camera features. As the technology is increasing at a pacing speed, it is mandatory that features of mobile phones should be enhanced. Isn’t it? With the launch of iPhone there is launching of 5G era, as these are capable of 5G. First device from a tech giant to have a new generation of telecom network technology. A little bit late in adopting new technology, and with good reason.
 
You may think about its features now! Don’t worry, you will get to know about all its features. The 6.1-inch iPhone 12 has a resolution of 2532×1170 with 460 pixels per inch. Displays offer HDR support with 1200 nits peak brightness, wide color for vivid, Haptic touch for feedback, and True Tone to match color temperature of display. Front of the iPhone is protected by a new Ceramic Shield cover that replaces the standard cover glass. And to your surprise Ceramic Shield is infused with nano-ceramic crystals for providing 4×better drop performance. It is a dual-SIM in which you can use both Nano-SIM and eSIM cards. Has an inbuilt storage of 64GB so that you can store all your local files, songs, videos, pictures, and many more without any space constraints. In addition to this, it contains a non-removable battery that supports fast charging. All need to know about camera specifications! So, the iPhone on the rear features a 12MP primary camera. Rear feature contains autofocus feature. Such a great feature for clicking awesome pictures. Yay!!
 
Now, when the question of 5G availability comes then there comes hesitation also. As 5G services are not easily visible. Because of this none of smartphone makers went on to the extent of switching to 5G. In the past few months, especially with pandemic which makes work from home a necessity, take high-speed connectivity to houses. So, there needs to be an update on this. Entire series is launched with 5G. During the Event of Apple held on Tuesday, CEO Tim Cook made a wonderful announcement. Guess what? He conveyed that the iPhone series will work with over 100 network partners across the world. In markets of the US, Australia and Japan, Apple is dominant, millions of users want to move from iPhone users to the latest ones.
 
When we talk about India, the world’s second largest and fastest growing smartphone market is still a step back from getting its first 5G network. So, unfortunately the 5G network of the new iPhone 12 series will not be relevant for users here. India will not be able to start services before the end of 2021. But, some hardware companies can switch to this with just software upgrades. India is not that much back, at least some of the companies or providers are able to switch to 5G relatively easily.
 
The series of iPhone 12 would be in great demand in areas with 5G network. The features of the iPhone 12 are so awesome that everyone wants to buy it. The connectivity of the iPhone is so great that the users of Apple always are at top in regard to data consumption and services. But, many new possibilities open up for service providers and app developers. This 5G availability will benefit the entire smartphone market. Now, new implementations would be provided in India. On the whole, a great mobile to catch up with new and latest technology.
 
 
 

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All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash

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All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash
Armenia and Azerbaijan is a small country located in between Turkey, Russia and Iran. Armenia is mostly a christian majority country with 95% of it’s 30 million population practising christanity and Azerbaijan comprises 99% of muslim population. This conflict can escalate into a full fledged war according to experts.The population of Azerbaijan is 10 million and both are secular countries. The conflict is about a small region called Nagorno-Karabakh region. Both of these countries were part of the USSR till 1990. Both these countries attained independence from the USSR in 1991. This Nagorno-Karabakh region is partially occupied by both Armenia and Azerbaijan. This region is a heavy mountainous region and it is tough to access this region. According to the 2015 census only 1.5 lakh people live in this Nagorno-Karabakh region in an area of 4400 square kilometers. This population of this region is ethnically Armenian.
This region has been disputed since 1920 when both these countries were part of the erstwhile Soviet Union. This region belonged to Azerbaijan till 1990 and it was an autonomous region controlled by Moscow directly. When the USSR split then Moscow decided to hand over this region to Azerbaijan but then the local provincial assembly voted to stay with Armenia. This voting was opposed by Moscow and Azerbaijan governments. After this the Armenian separatists occupied a part of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and they have been running the government in that part backed by the government of Armenia. But according to the International law this region is part of Azerbaijan because when this region was split up in 1991 then Moscow had decided to merge this territory with Azerbaijan.
This region has seen heavy ceasefire violations since 1991 up till 2020. Recent clashes have continued over several days. You can understand this territory similarly like Kashmir where both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir. In May 1994 USA, France and Russia had tried to implement a ceasefire so that these countries could talk and negotiate but all in vain. This conflict started on 27 september 2020 and since then both countries have said that the other one broke the ceasefire first. Russia plays a very important role here. Russia has a military base in Armenia and it supplies weapons to Azerbaijan but it has not said a word over this conflict.
Turkey on the other hand supports Azerbaijan openly since Turkey and Azerbaijan have strong relations and Armenia does not have good relations with Turkey. In the first week of October Turkish F-16s were seen in Armenian airspace thus, adding fuel to the fire. Turkey has openly said that it will provide military support to Azerbaijan if needed and it is trying to flex its muscle power in the region. Turkey and Azerbaijan being muslim countries are natural allies. Armenian foreign minister has said that this conflict is a preplanned strategy of Azerbaijan with Turkish support.
Turkey is a bigger country and it wants to influence a smaller nation like Azerbaijan. Turkey buys crude oil and gas from Azerbaijan and similarly Azerbaijan is one of the main investors of Turkey. So it is natural that they will come together. Their economic ties are stronger than ever. On the other side Turkey and Armenia have strain relations. During the ottoman empire a genocide was conducted over the armenians by the turks. This charge is denied by the Turkey government and so does Azerbaijan deny it in the support of its ally.
Azerbaijan is a republic just for namesake. Actually it is a dictatorship. After its split from the USSR their first president was Heydar Aliyev in 1991. He was president till 2003 then his son Ilham Aliyev succeeded him in 2003 and he has been the president since then. Ilham Aliyem has won every successive election since 2003 with over 80% vote share and it shows that there is no opposition in the country. Foreign journalists are not allowed to work freely and there are over 160 political prisoners. There is no free media in this country. So you can imagine if it is really a democracy. Whoever raises voice against the president then he/she is thrown into jails. Recently, in 2016 Aliyev held a controversial referendum according to which the minimum age to become the president of Azerbaijan has been brought down to 18 from 35. According to political experts this has been done so that his son can succeed him in 2025. There is no free press and this country ranks 146/157 in the global democracy index. You can imagine the scenario.
On the contrary Armenia ranks 86/167 and it is in a better position than Azerbaijan. Till 2018 Armenia was itself a dictatorship. In 2018 25 lakh people had protested on roads out of its 30 lakh odd population. The protestors were protesting over the election fraud conducted by the then PM. 2.50 lakh people were on roads and not a single bullet was fired. It was a huge success. The Velvet revolution led to the establishment of democracy in Armenia. The then opposition leader Nikol Pashniyan under whom this revolution was initiated had been elected as the PM in 2018 and he is the PM currently. You can understand the situation yourself.
Azerbaijan kids are taught to hate Armenians naturally on account of nationalism. This is the propaganda being spread by the Azerbaijan government. Their economy is in turmoil because of low crude oil prices. But people are taught to think about nationalism. According to a 2012 poll 91% Azerbaijan people think that Armenians are their natural enemy and similarly 63% Armenians agree the same. Armenians are described as Bandits, hippocrates in the Azerbaijan books. In 2011, famous Azerbaijani chess player Taimur Radjabov had said that he hates armenians. Such is the scale of hate in between these 2 nations. In 1988 and 1989 3.5 lakh people were affected due to this conflict.
In July a major protest occurred in Azerbaijan and people marched to the parliament of their country and demanded that their president declare war on Armenia. Such is the scale of nationalism. They protested not on account of depreciating economy or dictatorship but to declare war. Such is the propaganda that Azerbaijani people are taught to hate Armenians. Nothing concrete will come out of it. You decide. What should be done?
Amid covid 19 is it okay to fight?

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