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DRDO: Backone of India

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DRDO is the wing of Ministry of Defence, Govt of India, with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies and a mission to achieve self-reliance in critical defence technologies and systems, while equipping our armed forces with state-of-the-art weapon systems and equipment in accordance with requirements laid down by the three Services. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) (IAST: raksā anūsandhān evam vikās sangaṭhan) is an agency under the Department of Defence Research and Development in Ministry of Defence of the Government of India, charged with the military‘s research and development, headquartered in Delhi, India. 

What actually DRDO IS?

DRDO is India’s largest and most diverse research organisation. The organisation includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel. DRDO is backone of Indian defence system. This organisation is developing new era for Navy, Army and for Air force too. Nearly each and every research and technology related to defense are given by DRDO. DRDO is directly connected to ISRO as well.

History:

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) was established in 1958 by amalagamating Defence Science Organisation and some of the technical development establishments. A separate Department of Defence Research and Development was formed in 1980 which now administers DRDO and its 50 laboratories/establishments.

DRDO started its first major project in surface-to-air missiles (SAM) known as Project Indigo in the 1960s. Indigo was discontinued in later years without achieving full success. Project Indigo led to Project Devil, along with Project Valiant, to develop short-range SAM and ICBM in the 1970s. Project Devil itself led to the later development of the Prithvi missile under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) in the 1980s. 

Founder of DRDO:

Avinash Chander is an Indian scientist who was Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister, the Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and Secretary, Department of Defence Research and Development. He had succeeded V. K. Saraswat to this post.

He is the chief architect of the Agni series of ballistic missile systems.Chander is a recipient of the Padma Shri from the Government of India.

What DRDO is doing?

DRDO is trying to give ‘a major boost to defence research in the country and to ensure effective participation of the private sector in defence technology’. The key measures to make DRDO effective in its functioning include the establishment of a Defence Technology Commission with the defence minister as its chairman.The programmes which were largely managed by DRDO have seen considerable success with many of the systems seeing rapid deployment as well as yielding significant technological benefits. Since its establishment, DRDO has created other major systems and critical technologies such as aircraft avionics, UAVs, small arms, artillery systems, EW Systems, tanks and armoured vehicles, sonar systems, command and control systems and missile systems.

DRDO’S MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS:

DRDO’s pursuit of self-reliance and successful indigenous development and production of strategic systems and platforms such as Agni and Prithvi series of missiles; light combat aircraft, Tejas; multi-barrel rocket launcher, Pinaka; air defence system, Akash; a wide range of radars and electronic warfare systems; etc., have given quantum jump to India’s military might, generating effective deterrence and providing crucial leverage. Recent surgical strikes was carried out with the help of drones and night vision made by DRDO’s scientists and intern.

Balasya Mulam Vigyanam“—the source of strength is science-drives the nation in peace and war. DRDO has firm determination to make the nation strong and self-reliant in terms of science and technology, especially in the field of military technologies.

Huge project with ISRO:

Speaking on the occasion, G Satheesh Reddy (Chairman of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Secretary in Department of Defence Research & Development (DDR&D).)said the technological capabilities existing in DRDO laboratories for defence applications will be customised to meet the requirements of the human space mission of ISRO. Some of the critical technologies to be provided include space food, space crew health monitoring, emergency survival kit, and parachutes for the safe recovery of the crew module and others.

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नैसर्गिक आपत्ती : ओला दुष्काळ

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पाऊस ही जरी नैसर्गिक आपत्ती असली. तरी या आपत्तीचे मूळ कारण पर्यावरणाचा हास आहे.
नैसर्गिक नियमांचे उल्लंघन, जाणते-अजाणतेपणी केलेल्या चुकांची दीर्घ रांग आहे. सृष्टीमधील असमतोल वाढत आहे.
निसर्ग कोपला तर सुनामी, दुष्काळ,चक्रिवादळ, ढगफुटी, प्रलय यांना सामोरे जावे लागणार.

आपल्या बुद्धीच्या जोरावर मानव जमिनीवरील चढ-उतार ,ओघळी,
ओढेनाले नष्ट करून त्यावर सिमेंटची जंगले निर्माण करू लागला आहे. पूर्वी एकत्र कुटुंब पद्धत होती पण आता प्रत्येक व्यक्तीला स्वतंत्र रूम बंगला असावा वाटतोय. त्यातच त्याला खूप मोठेपणा वाटतोय. माणसाचा हव्यास वाढतच चाललाय .
उत्तराखंड मध्ये झालेली ढगफुटी त्या देवभुमीत झालेले तांडव. तेथील लोकांना आलेले चित्तथरारक अनुभव आपण विसरू शकणार नाही. गेल्यावर्षी कोल्हापूर सांगली आणि आता पुणे-सोलापुर जिल्ह्यांना पावसाने हैराण केले आहे . ओढे, नद्या ,धरणे तुडूंब भरली आहेत. आज कित्येक संसार पाण्याखाली आहेत .लोक खूप घाबरलेली आहेत जीव मुठीत धरून प्रत्येक जण निवाऱ्याच्या शोधात आहे. टीव्ही ,मोबाईल यांच्यावर बघणं आणि प्रत्यक्षात अनुभव घेणे यात जमीन अस्मानाचा फरक आहे. डोळ्यासमोर माणसे, वाहने वाहत असताना पाहिले. निसर्गाने रौद्ररूप धारण केले आहे .पावसाने रस्ते वाहून गेले ,जमिनी खचल्या, जुनी बांधकामे पडली, दुकानांमध्ये पाणी शिरले खूप नुकसान होऊन माणूस हतबल ठरला आहे .क्षणात सर्व स्वप्ने पावसापाण्यात गेली . शेतकऱ्यांचा हातातोंडाशी आलेला घास क्षणात नष्ट झाला .वर्षभराची मेहनत एका क्षणात पाण्यात गेली .आता जगायचं कसं हा प्रश्न शेतकऱ्यांसमोर उभा आहे आणि जगलं तर काय खायचं सरकारच्या मदतीची ठिगळ त्यांच्या जगण्याला पूर पडेल का ?दावणीला बांधलेल्या जनावरांचे काय हा प्रश्न कोण सोडवेल ?

माणसातलं माणूस पण मदत करतय . शासकीय व्यवस्थापनाला लागलीय. प्रत्येक मदतीचा हात पुढे येणे गरजेचे आहे कारण प्रत्येकावर ही वेळ येणार आहे .स्वार्थी विचार सोडून देणे गरजेचे आहे. निसर्गाच्या विरुद्ध जाणार नाही.
हा अनमोल विचार प्रत्येकाने ठरवला पाहिजे.
निसर्गावर करू नका मात प्रलय रूपात तो करेल तुमचा घात.

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iPhone 12 Series: How will it make 5G Mainstream

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iPhone 12 Series: How will it make 5G Mainstream
Now the world is greatly enhanced by its technologies and you can hear about new technologies being raised every day. How is that even possible that you are talking about technology, but not about mobile phones, especially Apple’s iPhone? Apple recently launched its iPhone 12 series. Launched on 13th October, 2020 is a tremendous upgrade of Apple’s features. iPhone 12 is ideal for anyone who doesn’t need Pro camera features. As the technology is increasing at a pacing speed, it is mandatory that features of mobile phones should be enhanced. Isn’t it? With the launch of iPhone there is launching of 5G era, as these are capable of 5G. First device from a tech giant to have a new generation of telecom network technology. A little bit late in adopting new technology, and with good reason.
 
You may think about its features now! Don’t worry, you will get to know about all its features. The 6.1-inch iPhone 12 has a resolution of 2532×1170 with 460 pixels per inch. Displays offer HDR support with 1200 nits peak brightness, wide color for vivid, Haptic touch for feedback, and True Tone to match color temperature of display. Front of the iPhone is protected by a new Ceramic Shield cover that replaces the standard cover glass. And to your surprise Ceramic Shield is infused with nano-ceramic crystals for providing 4×better drop performance. It is a dual-SIM in which you can use both Nano-SIM and eSIM cards. Has an inbuilt storage of 64GB so that you can store all your local files, songs, videos, pictures, and many more without any space constraints. In addition to this, it contains a non-removable battery that supports fast charging. All need to know about camera specifications! So, the iPhone on the rear features a 12MP primary camera. Rear feature contains autofocus feature. Such a great feature for clicking awesome pictures. Yay!!
 
Now, when the question of 5G availability comes then there comes hesitation also. As 5G services are not easily visible. Because of this none of smartphone makers went on to the extent of switching to 5G. In the past few months, especially with pandemic which makes work from home a necessity, take high-speed connectivity to houses. So, there needs to be an update on this. Entire series is launched with 5G. During the Event of Apple held on Tuesday, CEO Tim Cook made a wonderful announcement. Guess what? He conveyed that the iPhone series will work with over 100 network partners across the world. In markets of the US, Australia and Japan, Apple is dominant, millions of users want to move from iPhone users to the latest ones.
 
When we talk about India, the world’s second largest and fastest growing smartphone market is still a step back from getting its first 5G network. So, unfortunately the 5G network of the new iPhone 12 series will not be relevant for users here. India will not be able to start services before the end of 2021. But, some hardware companies can switch to this with just software upgrades. India is not that much back, at least some of the companies or providers are able to switch to 5G relatively easily.
 
The series of iPhone 12 would be in great demand in areas with 5G network. The features of the iPhone 12 are so awesome that everyone wants to buy it. The connectivity of the iPhone is so great that the users of Apple always are at top in regard to data consumption and services. But, many new possibilities open up for service providers and app developers. This 5G availability will benefit the entire smartphone market. Now, new implementations would be provided in India. On the whole, a great mobile to catch up with new and latest technology.
 
 
 

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All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash

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All you need to know about the Armenia-Azerbaijan Clash
Armenia and Azerbaijan is a small country located in between Turkey, Russia and Iran. Armenia is mostly a christian majority country with 95% of it’s 30 million population practising christanity and Azerbaijan comprises 99% of muslim population. This conflict can escalate into a full fledged war according to experts.The population of Azerbaijan is 10 million and both are secular countries. The conflict is about a small region called Nagorno-Karabakh region. Both of these countries were part of the USSR till 1990. Both these countries attained independence from the USSR in 1991. This Nagorno-Karabakh region is partially occupied by both Armenia and Azerbaijan. This region is a heavy mountainous region and it is tough to access this region. According to the 2015 census only 1.5 lakh people live in this Nagorno-Karabakh region in an area of 4400 square kilometers. This population of this region is ethnically Armenian.
This region has been disputed since 1920 when both these countries were part of the erstwhile Soviet Union. This region belonged to Azerbaijan till 1990 and it was an autonomous region controlled by Moscow directly. When the USSR split then Moscow decided to hand over this region to Azerbaijan but then the local provincial assembly voted to stay with Armenia. This voting was opposed by Moscow and Azerbaijan governments. After this the Armenian separatists occupied a part of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and they have been running the government in that part backed by the government of Armenia. But according to the International law this region is part of Azerbaijan because when this region was split up in 1991 then Moscow had decided to merge this territory with Azerbaijan.
This region has seen heavy ceasefire violations since 1991 up till 2020. Recent clashes have continued over several days. You can understand this territory similarly like Kashmir where both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir. In May 1994 USA, France and Russia had tried to implement a ceasefire so that these countries could talk and negotiate but all in vain. This conflict started on 27 september 2020 and since then both countries have said that the other one broke the ceasefire first. Russia plays a very important role here. Russia has a military base in Armenia and it supplies weapons to Azerbaijan but it has not said a word over this conflict.
Turkey on the other hand supports Azerbaijan openly since Turkey and Azerbaijan have strong relations and Armenia does not have good relations with Turkey. In the first week of October Turkish F-16s were seen in Armenian airspace thus, adding fuel to the fire. Turkey has openly said that it will provide military support to Azerbaijan if needed and it is trying to flex its muscle power in the region. Turkey and Azerbaijan being muslim countries are natural allies. Armenian foreign minister has said that this conflict is a preplanned strategy of Azerbaijan with Turkish support.
Turkey is a bigger country and it wants to influence a smaller nation like Azerbaijan. Turkey buys crude oil and gas from Azerbaijan and similarly Azerbaijan is one of the main investors of Turkey. So it is natural that they will come together. Their economic ties are stronger than ever. On the other side Turkey and Armenia have strain relations. During the ottoman empire a genocide was conducted over the armenians by the turks. This charge is denied by the Turkey government and so does Azerbaijan deny it in the support of its ally.
Azerbaijan is a republic just for namesake. Actually it is a dictatorship. After its split from the USSR their first president was Heydar Aliyev in 1991. He was president till 2003 then his son Ilham Aliyev succeeded him in 2003 and he has been the president since then. Ilham Aliyem has won every successive election since 2003 with over 80% vote share and it shows that there is no opposition in the country. Foreign journalists are not allowed to work freely and there are over 160 political prisoners. There is no free media in this country. So you can imagine if it is really a democracy. Whoever raises voice against the president then he/she is thrown into jails. Recently, in 2016 Aliyev held a controversial referendum according to which the minimum age to become the president of Azerbaijan has been brought down to 18 from 35. According to political experts this has been done so that his son can succeed him in 2025. There is no free press and this country ranks 146/157 in the global democracy index. You can imagine the scenario.
On the contrary Armenia ranks 86/167 and it is in a better position than Azerbaijan. Till 2018 Armenia was itself a dictatorship. In 2018 25 lakh people had protested on roads out of its 30 lakh odd population. The protestors were protesting over the election fraud conducted by the then PM. 2.50 lakh people were on roads and not a single bullet was fired. It was a huge success. The Velvet revolution led to the establishment of democracy in Armenia. The then opposition leader Nikol Pashniyan under whom this revolution was initiated had been elected as the PM in 2018 and he is the PM currently. You can understand the situation yourself.
Azerbaijan kids are taught to hate Armenians naturally on account of nationalism. This is the propaganda being spread by the Azerbaijan government. Their economy is in turmoil because of low crude oil prices. But people are taught to think about nationalism. According to a 2012 poll 91% Azerbaijan people think that Armenians are their natural enemy and similarly 63% Armenians agree the same. Armenians are described as Bandits, hippocrates in the Azerbaijan books. In 2011, famous Azerbaijani chess player Taimur Radjabov had said that he hates armenians. Such is the scale of hate in between these 2 nations. In 1988 and 1989 3.5 lakh people were affected due to this conflict.
In July a major protest occurred in Azerbaijan and people marched to the parliament of their country and demanded that their president declare war on Armenia. Such is the scale of nationalism. They protested not on account of depreciating economy or dictatorship but to declare war. Such is the propaganda that Azerbaijani people are taught to hate Armenians. Nothing concrete will come out of it. You decide. What should be done?
Amid covid 19 is it okay to fight?

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