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Human Evolution: Bionic Eye

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As constantly evolving species humans are redefining their own evolution by interconnecting the natural and synthetic world. Bionic technology is the major pay role that is inter-winding Human-Machine interface. Today let us know about one of the applications of this bionic technology; Visual Prosthesis or Bionic eye.

A visual prosthesis or bionic eye is a medical device that is intended to restore functional vision to those who are suffering from partial and complete blindness. 

eSight is one the visual prosthesis that uses a video camera to capture activities that are happening in front of the user in real time, it also allows the user to control the video processing and then through a series of advanced optics and very high resolution display it presents the video in such a way that the user can see the activities happening in front of him/her. eSight is developed for the people who are legally blind ( the person who’s vision is 20/200 is considered to be legally blind). 

This is Yvonne Felix an eSight 3 user. Her eyes have a blind spot that covers 98% of her visual field. She was 8 years old when doctor realised that Yvonne has a macular degeneration, over the years she lost her vision. But thanks to eSight that helped her to restore her vision

But the product like this is useful for the people that are partially blind or legally blind. 

There are over 39 million people in the world completely blind. Second sight a U.S based medical product company is working in their next generation product called the Orion® Visual Cortical Prosthesis System, an investigational device intended to bring artificial vision to individuals who are blind due to a wide range of causes, including glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, optic nerve injury or disease, or forms of cancer and trauma. Their previous product Argus® II, approved by the FDA for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa, has been implanted in 350+ individuals worldwide, restoring functional, artificial vision by renewing light perception and transforming the daily experience in the majority of individuals.

Orion® Visual Cortical Prosthesis System is goggle shaped with a camera setup. One end of the goggle is connected to a Video Processing Unit (VPU) where the user can adjust parameters like zoom, contrast etc. The processed video signal is sent to the other end of the goggle where a transmitting antenna is attached that transmits the signal as well as power to the implanted or receiving antenna in the brain. 

The signal then reaches an electronic circuit that decodes the signal received from the antenna and sends simulation pulses to the electrode ray which is implanted in the visual cortex between the halves of the brain. Once the implant is in position it requires a thorough and complex calibration which involves making changes in electrodes individually and mapping where the user could perceive vision. After the device is properly setup one will experience flashing lights, but later would experience vision.

The company is working with 6 blind patients to test the prototype. During the calibration of 12 month one of a patient got a seizure, from the result released in June 2019. The product is going through lots of development which may take little longer before entering the market.

The product would be a life-changing for the sightless once entered the market. Evolution of humans hasn’t stop just because we are here, we are changing the evolution by interconnecting natural and synthetic life.

– Abhishek Sharma

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EDUCATIONAL CRITICS OF TODAY.

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For more than a year, we’ve been dwelling around uncharted waters of COVID situation overall the World. 5 years ago, every interviewer who asked the question to the applicant that where do you see yourself after 5 years, might’ve got wrong answers. Previous year was all about how expectations lead to destruction and constant subsiding of plans.


We agree that to take up the reins of all the people was surely a tough task for the government and it’s representatives. We’ve been ferocious for the past time and faced mishaps like the thunder but it’s miserable to see the same situation prevailing again due to carelessness of people and lack of self awareness. If you think you can hide from a virus and get off with it, you are digging your own grave.

We see ‘morons’ of two kinds in this scenario; the ones who have experienced many covid cases in their family and have gotten very nonchalant about taking care and other ones who fortunately didn’t get their family members hospitalised due to covid but may be are waiting for that thing to happen.


Let’s assume there’s no such thing like the coronavirus, it’s just a made up mind-set. But things like Viral infection, respiratory problems, dengue, or infectious diseases etc,. They are prevalent right? Why don’t we take care of ourselves in a way to be safeguarded from mere infectious diseases? I understand, sometimes happenings are unintentional, but why are our actions on them not rational? We are suffering due to irresponsible citizens of our society, and individuals are suffering due to their own actions.


Moving further, in India I’ve never seen a single decision or announcement that didn’t have any arguments. Every decision or announcement ever made had a war of words but a few days ago the decision of not conducting or postponing exams had a very smooth flow throughout multimedia. A silent proclamation thanking the government and saying, “this is all that we wanted.”


Behind this decision there are various types of students ranging from those who were studying all day long for boards to those who didn’t get enough equipment to study. Here again fall two types of the students’ i.e Rich and poor or those with equipment but no willingness to study and other types without equipment but willingness to study.


The decision announced by the Education ministry was amazement. A treat for those who didn’t bother about studying and on the flip side a disappointment for those students who struggled hard to get through formulas and concepts and solved huge question sets. Everyone has different perceptions towards this but the thing that still surprises me is no one is against this decision. Why?


A huge group of people countrywide blames the education system for relevant reasons. In the beginning of 2020, we got the wind of the implementation of new Education policy that ignited glimmers of hope in us but, it has gotten behind the bars for a long time amidst COVID situations.

Lesson 101, Remember- DO NOT BLAME EDUCATION SYSTEM BECAUSE YOU CANNOT SCORE ENOUGH.


I am not making any conclusions about which type of education system is right or wrong but mental ageism is pervasive in our society. Mainly dogmatism, when one group says, “Present education system is bad” with their own reasons, another group with blindfolded eyes, agrees with them with their set of beliefs and this is how we see dogmatism settles its roots.


If the education system is bad, what stops you from studying/ doing what you love? What pulls you back to prove yourself? Why are we all dependent on the government to announce their decisions that are unacceptable at first place but we all follow it like blind herd of sheep?

Lesson 102, Remember- WE ARE GOVERNED BY THE TYPE OF GOVERNMENT WE DESERVE.


If I unite the world’s voice together, the truth is unless and until Coronavirus doesn’t get diminished completely, there would be no stability in the education sector or any other. In such circumstances, our foremost duty is to educate us by ourselves. COVID has indulged us much into how to make use of technology, gadgets, and how to make precise use of the internet. Problem is our inability to use it. And that inability is different at every level.


Lesson 103, Remember- BE THE MASTER OF THE CHANGE NOT A VICTIM OF THE CHANGE.


Regardless of COVID, if we take a deeper look and compare all the students countrywide, not everyone has a smartphone or proper guidance. I preach to the student protestors who had the banners stating “Shiksha online toh Pariksha offline kyu?” When you’ve a relevant question, you must also have an answer to it. If exams are supposed to be conducted online without cheating why don’t we build certain websites for that? You cheat once or twice but…. Lesson 104, Remember- A CHEAT ALWAYS REMAINS A CHEATER.


If the health of students is a major concern for the government, why don’t they settle new ways of conducting fair exams? Are we gonna have the same uncertainties in the education sector for the future? It’s not only the government who could do that but any intellectual person.


Such a huge pandemic that lasts for more than a year would leave back it’s impact for more than two times of it’s suffering.

Lesson 105, Remember- AWAKE AND REALISE, OR STAY BLINDFOLDED AND PERISH AS THIS IS THE RACE OF SURVIVAL OF FITTEST.

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BEST AMERICAN SITCOMS

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Agree or not, American sitcoms are the best. It includes all emotions nicely cooked and well served with a bit of sarcasm and a pinch of reality check. All the shows are loved by the people and watching them will also make you to love them as content speaks! To be correct, most of the best content from the American sitcoms were brought in during the 80s and the 90s and therefore, most of the content in our list is from the 80s and the 90s.

1. FRIENDS :

Talking about popularity, I need not prove it about this show. Everyone knows that this has to be the number one American sitcoms of all time because hype and craziness tells it all. The life of 6 friends tangled in between life, love, work and comedy. Their story started from 1994 and continued till 2004. The end of this show has still not dropped any fan following nor decreased the views. In fact, it has grown much more during the lockdown. HBO max claims to shoot a reunion of friends this month, which they had been postponing for quite a long time due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This show is globally available on Netflix with a total of 10 seasons and 236 episodes.

2. Brooklyn Nine-Nine :

The main theme plot is set on the 99th precinct of the Brooklyn borough of the New York city. The story revolves around the life of  7 cops, all of them fighting day and night to make Brooklyn a better place to live. Jake Peralta, one of the main protagonist of the series, a talented and a puzzle solving maniac, but and immature cop who often gets into trouble and also brings the trouble back to the nine-nine. Their story started airing on 2013 and is going on till now with NBC announcing the 8th season to be it’s last and to be aired next year and not this year, which did made the fans sad. Their story is currently available on Netflix and currently consists of a total of 7 seasons and 143 episodes.

3. How I Met Your Mother :

The theme is set on Ted Mosby and his group of friends in New York City’s Manhattan. As a framing device, Ted, in the year 2030, recounts to his son, Luke, and daughter, Penny, the events from 2005 to 2013 that led him to meet their mother. This series has won a lot of awards including the people’s choice awards for favourite Network TV comedy. It’s currently available on Disney+Hotstar with a total of 9 seasons and 208 episodes.

4. The Big Bang Theory :

The show is originally centered on five characters living in Pasadena, California: Leonard and Sheldon, both physicists at Caltech, who share an apartment. Penny, a waitress who lives across the hall and their similarly geeky and socially awkward friends and co-workers, aerospace engineer Howard and astrophysicist Raj. The show basically displays the life of some geeky friends living their life. It is currently available on Netflix with a total of 12 seasons and 279 episodes.

5. The Office :

A mockumentary sitcom TV series depicting the everyday lives of office employees in the Scranton, Pennsylvania. It is an adaptation of the the 2001-2003 BBC series of the same name, being adapted for American TV by Greg Daniels. It aired on NBC from 2005 to 2013, lasting a total of 9 seasons and giving us a total of 201 episodes.

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Satyashodhak: the biopic

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The wait is over….The most awaited Biopic ‘Satyashodhak’ will be out for the Big screen experience very soon

The biopic of legendary social worker and reformer Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, ‘Satyshodhak’ will be soon available for audience’s viewing. This Biopic will be an aviation in bilingual languages – both in Hindi and in Marathi. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule- is one of the well-known and leading social reformers and activists in the modern history of India. He came as a light of hope for Backward Class people and along with this he was also a great writer, a philosopher with the modern thoughts. He was also the first person to start an Orphanage in India. With the support of his wife Mrs. Savitribai Phule, Jyotibha Phule opened the first school ever for Women in India. This movie Satyashodhak will take you on an inspiring journey of Jyotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s life.

With joint efforts of Samata film and P.B. Infra Pvt. Ltd decided to make this movie bilingual – both in Marathi and Hindi language. For the past 3 years, the whole team has given their 100% efforts to make this film more realistic and pure authentic which will connect to people’s hearts. This will be one of the most historic milestones for the entire team who gave their honest efforts for the film.

Talking about the cast, we will be seeing a talented actor Sandeep Kulkarni portraying the character of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule whereas actress Rajashree Deshpande will be seen playing the role of his wife Mrs. Savitribai Phule. The Music is given by none other than Amit Raj. The 80% of the shooting was already done and the remaining one is expected to be completed by May 2021. With the help of great VFX work, you can relive the British era (19th century) in visually stunning manners.

Writer and director Nilesh Jalamkar says, “This film is definitely going to motivate all generations of people but mostly this current generation. And I think everyone will love this film as it is one of the most awaited films of this year.”

Producer Pravin Tayade and Appa Borate said that this one is a huge social responsibility for us to tell the real story of Mahatma Phule to the world and we have tried to give full justice to this film. Producer Pawankumar Kahakkar and Pattebahadur promised that both Hindi and Marathi audiences will love this movie. On the other hand Co-producer Binder Singh, Vishal Wahurwagh, Pratik Bansode mentioned that, the team is sure about this movie fulfilling all your expectations. Samata Films, P.B. Infra Pvt Ltd and the entire team of Satyshodhak are delighted to remember the legend on his 194th Anniversary today.

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