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Revolutionary Sheroes

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Any mention of Indian Independence struggle is incomplete without the mention of women who contributed to it. Their determination to serve and save the motherland in the face of adversity should be celebrated spectacularly. Here are some lesser known female freedom fighters who fought bravely for their motherland.

  1. Kittur chennamma
    Kittur Chennamma was one of the earliest female freedom fighters of India. She was born in a small village Kakati , present day Belgavi in karnataka. She recieved horse riding and archery lessons from a very young age. Her bravery was well known around the village.

She was married to Mallasarja Desai, the king of Kittur, at the age of 15 and became the queen of Kittur. After a few years she lost her husband and son so she took the responsibility of the crown. She adopted Shivalingappa with an aim to make him the successor of the throne.

The British wasn’t happy with her act and demanded the exile of Shivalingappa under the pretext of doctrine of lapse according to which adoptive children of rulers cant be named as successors and the rulers had to surrender their kingdom to the British if they had no successors.

Rani Chennamma defied Shivalingappa’s exile and wrote a letter to the governor of bombay to plead the cause of Kittur But Mr. Elphinstone denied her request and it eventually came under the Dharwad administration. The collectorate in charge Mr.Thackarey and the commissioner Mr.Chaplin didn’t recognise her as a regent and Shivalingappa as a ruler. They apprised Rani Chennamma to surrender the kingdom which she denied again resulting in the war.

Two wars were fought. In the first one Rani Chennamma and her army fought bravely ,killed two officers and took another two as hostages. To avoid further destruction she released the hostages owing to the British promise that the war would be ended which turned out to be an act of deception. Humiliated by defeat by a small indian ruler, Mr. Chaplin attacked Kittur with a larger army. Rani Chennamma and her army fought valourously to protect the fort but faced defeat because of the betrayal of two of her own soldiers who mixed cow dung and mud in the gunpowder used for the canon. She was arrested by the British and sentenced to life long imprisonment. After 5 years of being imprisoned she died.

Though Kittur Chennamma didn’t win in the end, she stood as an inspiration for everyone in the upcoming years to revolt against the British. To conmmemorate her bravery and contribution people in kittur celebrate Kittur utsava. Her story is still told in the forms of drama, dance and Lavani performances.

  1. Sucheta kripalani
    Sucheta Kripalani was an Indian freedom fighter and the first female Chief Minister of India. Shy and self conscious as a child, the time she grew up in and the situations she faced shaped her into a leader.

As a child she didn’t understand enough to hold great anger against the British but was outraged when she overheard her father speaking to someone about the Jallianwala Bagh masaccre.

Sucheta, after completing her studies went on to work closely with Mahatma gandhi during the partition riots. She is especially remembered for her role in the quit India moment of 1942.

Post independence she went on to become the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from the Kanpur constituency. Her crowning moment though, was on 14th august 1947 when she opened the independence session of parliament by singing vande mataram just before Nehru delivered his “tryst with destiny” speech.
She was also the founder of the All India Mahilla Congress, established in 1940.

  1. Lakshmi sahgal
    Lakshmi sahgal born as Lakshmi Swaminathan was born into an aristocratic family in Pattambi Kerala. As a young adult, she pursued MBBS from Madras Medical College and also received a diploma in gynaecology and obestetrics.

In 1940, she left for Singapore . In 1942, during the surrender of Singapore to the Japanese by the British, she aided wounded prisoners of war. Singapore at that time had a lot of nationalist Indians working there who formed a council of action. Their Azad Hind Fauj however recieved no commitments or approval form the japanese government regarding their participation in the war .

It was agianst this backdrop that Subhash Chandrabose came to. When Lakshmi Sahgal came to know about his visit and his keen interest in drafting women into the organisatio, she requested a meeting with him and came back with a mandate to form an all women regiment called the Jhansi Lakshmi regiment . Women responded enthusiastically to join this all women brigade and she became captain Lakshmi ,a name and identity that would stay with her for life.

The INA marched to Burma with the Japanese army in December 1944, but by March 1945, with the tide of war turning against them, the INA leadership decided to beat a retreat before they could enter Imphal. Captain Lakshmi was arrested by the British army in May 1945, remaining in Burma until March 1946, when she was sent to India – at a time when the INA trials in Delhi heightened popular discontent with and hastened the end of colonial rule

In 1971, Sahgal joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and represented the party in the Rajya Sabha. During the Bangladesh crisis, she organised relief camps and medical aid in Calcutta for refugees who streamed into India from Bangladesh. She was one of the founding members of All India Democratic Women’s Association in 1981 and led many of its activities and campaigns.She led a medical team to Bhopal after the gas tragedy in December 1984, worked towards restoring peace in Kanpur following the anti-Sikh riots of 1984 and was arrested for her participation in a campaign against the Miss World competition in Bangalore in 1996.She was still seeing patients regularly at her clinic in Kanpur in 2006, at the age of 92.

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Dussehra (victory of good over evil)

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Dussehra Is celebrated to represent victory of good over evil means prabhu Rama over Ravana in famous hindu epic Ramayan. Also it means the end of durga puja & Ramlila. In Ramayan, Ravana kidnaps god Rama’s wife Sita, as god Rama & Laxman cuted of the nose of ravna’s sister surpanakha so to claim vengeance on them Ravana kidnapped sita. To get back maa sita prabhu Rama & Laxman faught battel against Ravana with the help of hanuman, subriv & other vanar sena. In this battel Rawan’s brother Bhibishan also helped him against Ravan . at the end of prabhu Ram wins the battel and rescues sita. Thereafter this victory is celebrated by burning the statue of Ravan, kumbhakarn, his son meghnath. Dasehra is a climax of long day celebration of Navratri.

           The nine days of Navratri is the time to reflect on oneself, observe silence & practice fasting. Fasting cleanses the body of toxins and silence purifies speech & mind. what does dasehra means das means ten and hara means take away. Which came after Navratri means nine nights if darkness.  On each day of Navratri we pray to that form of goddess durga to take away that darkness of ignorance within us and after that on tenth day on the occasion of dasehra we burn all the evil, bad things, thoughts, bad habbits inside us in that fire in the form of Ravna as evil inside us.

Ravan is not the demon or evil outside you it is inside you. In the battel of Ram and Ravana, god ram had been invoked durga to help him win the battel against Ravan, And he won. We also should invoked god durga to help us in gaining back our sita. Now what is sita?  It is awareness inside is which has been traped in maya surround us. To make our soul clean and pure we have to burn the evil in the fire by wining the battel against it which lies inside us that’s what dasehra symbolize.

It is a supreme festival of Hindu culture with true meaning. It also symbolize the feminism as the battel is to gain maa Sita again back as Ravan has kidnaped her. whenever  man crosses his limit and try to hurt marayda of stree. She will become god durga and make him to death. When the Rama wins then there is only light. So choice is ours. Either we become Ravana & get entrapped in the worldly pleasure or become Rama (A spiritual being)

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Know what you have celebrated these 9 days!

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The Celebration of Good over Evil

Navaratri is the opportunity for removal of vanity and evil influences and learning to achieve the ultimate truth and meaning of life through spiritual means.

Navaratri (Nava-nine; Ratri-nights) is usually celebrated, as its name suggests, within a span of 9 nights and 10 days. It falls on the Ashvin month according to the Hindu calendar. It celebrates the victory of good over evil; the defeat of negative energies by the righteous or morally upright. The rituals performed during Navaratri is dedicated to Devi Ma, the divine feminine. Each night is dedicated to the worship of nine personalities (Navadurga) and express gratitude to the Mother Divine. Devi is considered as the omnipresent cosmic energy. Devotees often fast, meditate, pray and perform certain rituals.

The rituals are followed by external festivities such as cultural functions and fairs. Cultural functions include Garba/ Dandiya nights and other social functions whereas rituals include Ghatasthapana and other spiritual activities. Women gather up in various societies and perform their rituals together.

But things have changed amidst this Pandemic. People are avoiding social gatherings. They are visiting temples with their masks on and abiding by the guidelines of the Government by following the social distancing norms. Most of the relatives are greeting each other via online platforms and celebrating this auspicious occasion by face-timing each other.

According to sources, many cities (like Indore, Raipur, etc.) have cancelled Garba nights, thus, leaving the hearts of many youngsters broken. Each State Government has taken precautions not to let more than 100 people assemble anywhere.

Jagaran reports that Prayagraj is celebrating Shardiya Navaratra in a unique manner. Famous singers across the city are preparing for devotional songs and performing them via online platforms so that people can get access to the divine celebration by staying at home as well.

Navaratri’s focus is to show reverence to the creation which is a gift of Devi Ma and it is rightly done if we start respecting our Mother Earth in the right terms.

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Why do we have blood types?

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Blood is bodily fluid that circulates through body and deliver essential nutrients and oxygen to every cell of our body.

For thousands of years nobody really understood blood. A greek doctor from 200 BC believed that blood was created from food and liver, this thought lived nearly 1500 years. It was early 17th century when a British ‘Dr. William Harvey’ discovered that blood circulated circulated through body. This experiment spawned the age of blood transfusion. In 1665 an english physician successfully kept one dog alive by transfusing blood of another dog into his body. Later after two years doctors experimented transfusing animals blood into human body in which the human patient died due to blood clotting.

It wasn’t until 1900s when ‘Dr. Karl Landsteiner’ understood that animals even humans have different blood. He later researched on blood and developed a system to categorize blood type known as A-B-O blood group system. Dr. Landsteiner traced transfusion complication like death and blood clot is caused by two things Antigens and Antibodies. Antigen is anything that triggers our immune system to respond. Usually viruses and Bacteria fall in this category, usually our immune system recognize these invaders and deploy antibodies to destroy them. Antibodies are proteins produced by our immune system that can recognize, investigate and if needed can destroy Antigens.But our own body also produce some Antigens called Self-Antigens which our immune system leave them alone. The whole A-B-O group system  is based upon these sugar based Self-Antigens and corresponding protein based antibodies. 

Depending upon the presence and absence of these Antigens and Antibodies our blood is divided into four types. Type A blood has A-antigen on blood and B-antibody in plasma. Type B blood has B-antigen on blood and A-antibody in plasma. Type AB has both A-antigen and B-antigen with no Antibodies in plasma. Type O has both A-antibody and B-antibody with no Antigens on blood. 

The positives and the negatives after our blood type is given by detecting the presence or absence of Rh protein based Antigen. Presence of Rh protein gives positive sign after blood type while absence gives negative sign after blood type. 

Blood is foremost the most important fluid in our body. By understanding our blood we can ensure tranfusing right blood type to the needy ones.

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