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Stubbornly Persistent Illusion: Part 1

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All that we see or seem
is but a dream within dream
                                       – Edger Allen Poe

Consciousness, you might have heard this heavy word somewhere. Conciousness is a primary quality of reality. And it can be considered primarily in two distinct ways. The first is capacity of experience, is present in all the things. The second way in which conciousness is the fact that we never directly experience the world around us. All we ever know is the content of conciousness, the thoughts, feelings, perception and sensation that appear in the mind. This one fact leads us to rethinking of the relation between Conciousness and Reality.
We never experience the physical world directly, this idea continues to intrigue many philosophers. The most notable was Eighteenth century German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who drew clear distinction between the forms that appeared in the mind- what he called the phenomenon ( a Greek word meaning, “that which appears to be”) – and the world that gives rise this perception, which he called the noumenon ( meaning “that which is apprehended”). All we know, Kant insisted, is the ‘phenomenon’. The noumenon, the “thing in itself “, remains forever beyond our knowing.
Before Kant, one philosopher, John Locke, had argued that all the knowledge is based on the perception, caused by actions of the external objects on the senses. But whereas he thought that perception was passive, the mind is simply reflecting the images received by the senses. A year after Kant proposed that the mind is an active participant in the process, continuously shaping our experience of the world. Reality is something we each construct for ourselves.
Reality is not only reality. We know only our perception and that nothing exist apart from our perceptions, then the difficult questions arises, what happen to the world when no one was perceiving it? There is an underlying reality, but we never know ot directly. All we can ever know is how it appears in our mind as per Kant.
Kant concluded this without any of our current scientific knowledge. Today we know a lot more about how brain constructs its picture of reality.

When you look at your phone like as of now, light reflected from the phone forms an image of phone on retina of your eye. Photo sensitive cells in the retina discharge electron, triggering the electro-chemical impulses that travel down the optic nerve to the visual cortex of your brain. Then data undergoes processing like computer that detects the shapes, patterns, colour and movements. Then your brain (and mine too) integrates this data and create it’s own reconstruction of external world. Finally, an image of your phone appears in your conciousness. How does this neutral activity gives rise to the experience of conciousness ? Is the tough question which we already touched earlier. Even though we have no idea how an image appears, it does happen. The conciousness experience of seeing the phone. Similar things happens with other senses. A vibrating string of guitar creates pressure waves in the air. These waves stimulate minute hairs in the ear, which sends electrical impulse to the brain. The data then analyzed processed and results in the experience of hearing music. Cells in the skin send messages to the brain leads to experience touch, pressure, texture,etc
In short all that we perceive has been reconstructed from sensory data. Famous scientist Erwin Schrödinger have quoted on this beautifully,  “Every man’s world picture is and always remains a construct of his mind and cannot be proved to have any other existence.In our dreams we are aware of sights, sounds and sensations happening around us. We are aware of our body. We think, reason. Feel fear, anger, pleasure, love. Experience other people as separate individuals, speaking ,interacting with us. The dream is appears to be happening out there in the world around us. And when we awaken, we realize that it was all just a dream- a creation of mind.
When we say this all just dream, we are referring to the fact that experience was not based on the physical reality. It was created from memories, hopes, fears and other factors. When we are in the waking state, our image of the world is based on the sensory information drawn from physical surroundings. Truth is, in both the conditions, it is all our creation of mind.

Our impression that we are perceiving the world is mostly very convincing. Visual illusions are good examples to reveal the cracks in our construction of reality. How things occur when brain misinterprets the data and misleading the reality.
Let’s see this hack with simple example. 
The following drawing of a cube we all have seen many times but is it a cube seen from above, or a cube seen from below?


Most people’s first response is from “above”. This is because we are used to seeing rectangular corners from above -tables, boxes, TV sets, computer, etc. Less often do we see such objects from below. But if you put your attention on the top line and bring that forward in your mind’s eye, you can change your perception and turn it into different perspective of cube.
The most fascinating aspect of this illustration is not that you can see it in two different ways, but that, whichever way you see it, you see a three-dimensional cube. You are actually seeing 12 lines on a flat plane. Yet your experience is of an object with depth that is 3D. This depth may appear real but it is actually an interpretation added by your brain.


“Things are not what they seem to be,
nor are they otherwise”

Hope this made you think and scribbled your thoughts a little. Tell us in the comments what twists your brain???. In the next part we will see unknowable reality,like what happens if we are not observing or looking at the world? What is time? What is the distinction between Past, Present and Future ? If not perception, is it an illusion?….I’m having a long ride for you, just pack your seatbelts hold it tight….and ready for the ride???

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Dussehra (victory of good over evil)

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Dussehra Is celebrated to represent victory of good over evil means prabhu Rama over Ravana in famous hindu epic Ramayan. Also it means the end of durga puja & Ramlila. In Ramayan, Ravana kidnaps god Rama’s wife Sita, as god Rama & Laxman cuted of the nose of ravna’s sister surpanakha so to claim vengeance on them Ravana kidnapped sita. To get back maa sita prabhu Rama & Laxman faught battel against Ravana with the help of hanuman, subriv & other vanar sena. In this battel Rawan’s brother Bhibishan also helped him against Ravan . at the end of prabhu Ram wins the battel and rescues sita. Thereafter this victory is celebrated by burning the statue of Ravan, kumbhakarn, his son meghnath. Dasehra is a climax of long day celebration of Navratri.

           The nine days of Navratri is the time to reflect on oneself, observe silence & practice fasting. Fasting cleanses the body of toxins and silence purifies speech & mind. what does dasehra means das means ten and hara means take away. Which came after Navratri means nine nights if darkness.  On each day of Navratri we pray to that form of goddess durga to take away that darkness of ignorance within us and after that on tenth day on the occasion of dasehra we burn all the evil, bad things, thoughts, bad habbits inside us in that fire in the form of Ravna as evil inside us.

Ravan is not the demon or evil outside you it is inside you. In the battel of Ram and Ravana, god ram had been invoked durga to help him win the battel against Ravan, And he won. We also should invoked god durga to help us in gaining back our sita. Now what is sita?  It is awareness inside is which has been traped in maya surround us. To make our soul clean and pure we have to burn the evil in the fire by wining the battel against it which lies inside us that’s what dasehra symbolize.

It is a supreme festival of Hindu culture with true meaning. It also symbolize the feminism as the battel is to gain maa Sita again back as Ravan has kidnaped her. whenever  man crosses his limit and try to hurt marayda of stree. She will become god durga and make him to death. When the Rama wins then there is only light. So choice is ours. Either we become Ravana & get entrapped in the worldly pleasure or become Rama (A spiritual being)

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Know what you have celebrated these 9 days!

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The Celebration of Good over Evil

Navaratri is the opportunity for removal of vanity and evil influences and learning to achieve the ultimate truth and meaning of life through spiritual means.

Navaratri (Nava-nine; Ratri-nights) is usually celebrated, as its name suggests, within a span of 9 nights and 10 days. It falls on the Ashvin month according to the Hindu calendar. It celebrates the victory of good over evil; the defeat of negative energies by the righteous or morally upright. The rituals performed during Navaratri is dedicated to Devi Ma, the divine feminine. Each night is dedicated to the worship of nine personalities (Navadurga) and express gratitude to the Mother Divine. Devi is considered as the omnipresent cosmic energy. Devotees often fast, meditate, pray and perform certain rituals.

The rituals are followed by external festivities such as cultural functions and fairs. Cultural functions include Garba/ Dandiya nights and other social functions whereas rituals include Ghatasthapana and other spiritual activities. Women gather up in various societies and perform their rituals together.

But things have changed amidst this Pandemic. People are avoiding social gatherings. They are visiting temples with their masks on and abiding by the guidelines of the Government by following the social distancing norms. Most of the relatives are greeting each other via online platforms and celebrating this auspicious occasion by face-timing each other.

According to sources, many cities (like Indore, Raipur, etc.) have cancelled Garba nights, thus, leaving the hearts of many youngsters broken. Each State Government has taken precautions not to let more than 100 people assemble anywhere.

Jagaran reports that Prayagraj is celebrating Shardiya Navaratra in a unique manner. Famous singers across the city are preparing for devotional songs and performing them via online platforms so that people can get access to the divine celebration by staying at home as well.

Navaratri’s focus is to show reverence to the creation which is a gift of Devi Ma and it is rightly done if we start respecting our Mother Earth in the right terms.

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Why do we have blood types?

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Blood is bodily fluid that circulates through body and deliver essential nutrients and oxygen to every cell of our body.

For thousands of years nobody really understood blood. A greek doctor from 200 BC believed that blood was created from food and liver, this thought lived nearly 1500 years. It was early 17th century when a British ‘Dr. William Harvey’ discovered that blood circulated circulated through body. This experiment spawned the age of blood transfusion. In 1665 an english physician successfully kept one dog alive by transfusing blood of another dog into his body. Later after two years doctors experimented transfusing animals blood into human body in which the human patient died due to blood clotting.

It wasn’t until 1900s when ‘Dr. Karl Landsteiner’ understood that animals even humans have different blood. He later researched on blood and developed a system to categorize blood type known as A-B-O blood group system. Dr. Landsteiner traced transfusion complication like death and blood clot is caused by two things Antigens and Antibodies. Antigen is anything that triggers our immune system to respond. Usually viruses and Bacteria fall in this category, usually our immune system recognize these invaders and deploy antibodies to destroy them. Antibodies are proteins produced by our immune system that can recognize, investigate and if needed can destroy Antigens.But our own body also produce some Antigens called Self-Antigens which our immune system leave them alone. The whole A-B-O group system  is based upon these sugar based Self-Antigens and corresponding protein based antibodies. 

Depending upon the presence and absence of these Antigens and Antibodies our blood is divided into four types. Type A blood has A-antigen on blood and B-antibody in plasma. Type B blood has B-antigen on blood and A-antibody in plasma. Type AB has both A-antigen and B-antigen with no Antibodies in plasma. Type O has both A-antibody and B-antibody with no Antigens on blood. 

The positives and the negatives after our blood type is given by detecting the presence or absence of Rh protein based Antigen. Presence of Rh protein gives positive sign after blood type while absence gives negative sign after blood type. 

Blood is foremost the most important fluid in our body. By understanding our blood we can ensure tranfusing right blood type to the needy ones.

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