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Stubbornly Persistent Illusion: Part 2

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In previous article we saw what is conciousness, how we perceive reality, the object(image) formation in our brain and how our perception affects the realities.  If you are new into this series I urge you to read previous part 1 before this.Now assuming you tighten the seat belt, let’s drive! There are, therefore two type of realities. First one is physical reality- whatever is actually “out there” stimulating our senses and the second is the personal reality that each one of us experience, the reconstruction of the world appears in our mind. And they both are very real.


Now you might think that what is illusion then? If both realities are real. Illusion comes when we confuse the reality we experience with the physical reality, the thing in itself. Maya, you may have heard this word in Ancient Indian philosophy. This confusion is nothing but maya. A false perception of the world. The delusion, a false belief about the world. I deceive myself when I think that phone I see is phone itself. When you believe that image in your mind are the external world, you suffer a delusion.
When you kick the football, your intention to move your foot is communicated to your body and your foot in the physical world moves to meet the physical football. But you don’t experience the reality directly. The brain receives the information sent by the eyes and body and then updates the information of your image of reality appropriately. Same thing happens with the computer also, when you move the mouse, it appears as if you’re moving the cursor but actually, the mouse is sending data to computer processor and then updates the image on screen. There is no visible delay but it is there.There is also a small delay between physical reality and our experience of that particular event. It takes our brain about 1/5th of a second to process the sensory information and construct the corresponding reality. So our awareness of reality is about fifth of the second behind physical reality. But we never notice this lag because our clever brain compensates for the delay, leaving us with impression that we are interacting directly with physical world.Is there any physical reality behind our perception? Do we ever construct that picture of reality when we are not perceiving it? Yes, but it’s just an assumption, nevertheless, the most plausible one. The image of the world that mind is very different from actual physical world. Take an example of color, say green. There may be the light of various frequencies, but the light itself is not green one. There is no colour there. The green we see is actually the quality created in conciousness. The subjective experience of the mind. Same with the sound. Whether the falling tree made a sound when no one was there to hear it? No, because we all know much more about the process how sound transmitted through air and how ear and brain functioned. There is no sound in the physical reality, pressure wave in the air, perhaps, but no sound. Sound exists only as an experience in the mind of perciever, whether that perceiver is human being, animal or bird, etc.Our eyes are sensitive only to light in the narrow frequency ranges from 430,000 to 750,000 gigahertz. At lower frequencies are infrared (below red) radiation. Micro waves and radio waves are lower than infrared. At higher frequencies we find ultraviolet (above violate) rays and beyond them are X rays and gamma rays. Our eyes can’t detect none of this other frequencies. We have different types of equipments to detect that radiation. So what we hear, smell, taste, see is but a limited sample of physical reality. Furthermore, there are other aspects such as magnetic fields, electric charges, that have little impact on our existence. We may not able to sense these other facets of reality but some creatures can like Dog. They detect much higher frequencies of sound than we do and their nose which million time more sensitive than ours. So reality for the dog is very different comparing to us. Other species experience the qualities which we know nothing. Make sense? Ultimately there are many different ways of perceiving the world as there are many species of life in the universe. What we take is just the particular way the human mind sees(by eyes) and interprets the physical world.Stay tuned for the next ride till then enjoy at station! And dont forget to see(reconstruction!) the physical reality all around.

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Dussehra (victory of good over evil)

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Dussehra Is celebrated to represent victory of good over evil means prabhu Rama over Ravana in famous hindu epic Ramayan. Also it means the end of durga puja & Ramlila. In Ramayan, Ravana kidnaps god Rama’s wife Sita, as god Rama & Laxman cuted of the nose of ravna’s sister surpanakha so to claim vengeance on them Ravana kidnapped sita. To get back maa sita prabhu Rama & Laxman faught battel against Ravana with the help of hanuman, subriv & other vanar sena. In this battel Rawan’s brother Bhibishan also helped him against Ravan . at the end of prabhu Ram wins the battel and rescues sita. Thereafter this victory is celebrated by burning the statue of Ravan, kumbhakarn, his son meghnath. Dasehra is a climax of long day celebration of Navratri.

           The nine days of Navratri is the time to reflect on oneself, observe silence & practice fasting. Fasting cleanses the body of toxins and silence purifies speech & mind. what does dasehra means das means ten and hara means take away. Which came after Navratri means nine nights if darkness.  On each day of Navratri we pray to that form of goddess durga to take away that darkness of ignorance within us and after that on tenth day on the occasion of dasehra we burn all the evil, bad things, thoughts, bad habbits inside us in that fire in the form of Ravna as evil inside us.

Ravan is not the demon or evil outside you it is inside you. In the battel of Ram and Ravana, god ram had been invoked durga to help him win the battel against Ravan, And he won. We also should invoked god durga to help us in gaining back our sita. Now what is sita?  It is awareness inside is which has been traped in maya surround us. To make our soul clean and pure we have to burn the evil in the fire by wining the battel against it which lies inside us that’s what dasehra symbolize.

It is a supreme festival of Hindu culture with true meaning. It also symbolize the feminism as the battel is to gain maa Sita again back as Ravan has kidnaped her. whenever  man crosses his limit and try to hurt marayda of stree. She will become god durga and make him to death. When the Rama wins then there is only light. So choice is ours. Either we become Ravana & get entrapped in the worldly pleasure or become Rama (A spiritual being)

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Know what you have celebrated these 9 days!

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The Celebration of Good over Evil

Navaratri is the opportunity for removal of vanity and evil influences and learning to achieve the ultimate truth and meaning of life through spiritual means.

Navaratri (Nava-nine; Ratri-nights) is usually celebrated, as its name suggests, within a span of 9 nights and 10 days. It falls on the Ashvin month according to the Hindu calendar. It celebrates the victory of good over evil; the defeat of negative energies by the righteous or morally upright. The rituals performed during Navaratri is dedicated to Devi Ma, the divine feminine. Each night is dedicated to the worship of nine personalities (Navadurga) and express gratitude to the Mother Divine. Devi is considered as the omnipresent cosmic energy. Devotees often fast, meditate, pray and perform certain rituals.

The rituals are followed by external festivities such as cultural functions and fairs. Cultural functions include Garba/ Dandiya nights and other social functions whereas rituals include Ghatasthapana and other spiritual activities. Women gather up in various societies and perform their rituals together.

But things have changed amidst this Pandemic. People are avoiding social gatherings. They are visiting temples with their masks on and abiding by the guidelines of the Government by following the social distancing norms. Most of the relatives are greeting each other via online platforms and celebrating this auspicious occasion by face-timing each other.

According to sources, many cities (like Indore, Raipur, etc.) have cancelled Garba nights, thus, leaving the hearts of many youngsters broken. Each State Government has taken precautions not to let more than 100 people assemble anywhere.

Jagaran reports that Prayagraj is celebrating Shardiya Navaratra in a unique manner. Famous singers across the city are preparing for devotional songs and performing them via online platforms so that people can get access to the divine celebration by staying at home as well.

Navaratri’s focus is to show reverence to the creation which is a gift of Devi Ma and it is rightly done if we start respecting our Mother Earth in the right terms.

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Why do we have blood types?

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Blood is bodily fluid that circulates through body and deliver essential nutrients and oxygen to every cell of our body.

For thousands of years nobody really understood blood. A greek doctor from 200 BC believed that blood was created from food and liver, this thought lived nearly 1500 years. It was early 17th century when a British ‘Dr. William Harvey’ discovered that blood circulated circulated through body. This experiment spawned the age of blood transfusion. In 1665 an english physician successfully kept one dog alive by transfusing blood of another dog into his body. Later after two years doctors experimented transfusing animals blood into human body in which the human patient died due to blood clotting.

It wasn’t until 1900s when ‘Dr. Karl Landsteiner’ understood that animals even humans have different blood. He later researched on blood and developed a system to categorize blood type known as A-B-O blood group system. Dr. Landsteiner traced transfusion complication like death and blood clot is caused by two things Antigens and Antibodies. Antigen is anything that triggers our immune system to respond. Usually viruses and Bacteria fall in this category, usually our immune system recognize these invaders and deploy antibodies to destroy them. Antibodies are proteins produced by our immune system that can recognize, investigate and if needed can destroy Antigens.But our own body also produce some Antigens called Self-Antigens which our immune system leave them alone. The whole A-B-O group system  is based upon these sugar based Self-Antigens and corresponding protein based antibodies. 

Depending upon the presence and absence of these Antigens and Antibodies our blood is divided into four types. Type A blood has A-antigen on blood and B-antibody in plasma. Type B blood has B-antigen on blood and A-antibody in plasma. Type AB has both A-antigen and B-antigen with no Antibodies in plasma. Type O has both A-antibody and B-antibody with no Antigens on blood. 

The positives and the negatives after our blood type is given by detecting the presence or absence of Rh protein based Antigen. Presence of Rh protein gives positive sign after blood type while absence gives negative sign after blood type. 

Blood is foremost the most important fluid in our body. By understanding our blood we can ensure tranfusing right blood type to the needy ones.

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