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Warming Greenland ice sheet passes point of no return

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Even if the climate cools, study finds, glaciers will continue to shrink

Nearly 40 years of satellite data from Greenland shows that glaciers on the island have shrunk so much that even if global warming were to stop today, the ice sheet would continue shrinking.

The finding, published today, Aug. 13, in the journal Nature Communications Earth and Environment, means that Greenland’s glaciers have passed a tipping point of sorts, where the snowfall that replenishes the ice sheet each year cannot keep up with the ice that is flowing into the ocean from glaciers.

“We’ve been looking at these remote sensing observations to study how ice discharge and accumulation have varied,” said Michalea King, lead author of the study and a researcher at The Ohio State University’s Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center. “And what we’ve found is that the ice that’s discharging into the ocean is far surpassing the snow that’s accumulating on the surface of the ice sheet.”

King and other researchers analyzed monthly satellite data from more than 200 large glaciers draining into the ocean around Greenland. Their observations show how much ice breaks off into icebergs or melts from the glaciers into the ocean. They also show the amount of snowfall each year — the way these glaciers get replenished.

The researchers found that, throughout the 1980s and 90s, snow gained through accumulation and ice melted or calved from glaciers were mostly in balance, keeping the ice sheet intact. Through those decades, the researchers found, the ice sheets generally lost about 450 gigatons (about 450 billion tons) of ice each year from flowing outlet glaciers, which was replaced with snowfall.

“We are measuring the pulse of the ice sheet — how much ice glaciers drain at the edges of the ice sheet — which increases in the summer. And what we see is that it was relatively steady until a big increase in ice discharging to the ocean during a short five- to six-year period,” King said.

The researchers’ analysis found that the baseline of that pulse — the amount of ice being lost each year — started increasing steadily around 2000, so that the glaciers were losing about 500 gigatons each year. Snowfall did not increase at the same time, and over the last decade, the rate of ice loss from glaciers has stayed about the same — meaning the ice sheet has been losing ice more rapidly than it’s being replenished.

“Glaciers have been sensitive to seasonal melt for as long as we’ve been able to observe it, with spikes in ice discharge in the summer,” she said. “But starting in 2000, you start superimposing that seasonal melt on a higher baseline — so you’re going to get even more losses.”

Before 2000, the ice sheet would have about the same chance to gain or lose mass each year. In the current climate, the ice sheet will gain mass in only one out of every 100 years.

King said that large glaciers across Greenland have retreated about 3 kilometers on average since 1985 — “that’s a lot of distance,” she said. The glaciers have shrunk back enough that many of them are sitting in deeper water, meaning more ice is in contact with water. Warm ocean water melts glacier ice, and also makes it difficult for the glaciers to grow back to their previous positions.

That means that even if humans were somehow miraculously able to stop climate change in its tracks, ice lost from glaciers draining ice to the ocean would likely still exceed ice gained from snow accumulation, and the ice sheet would continue to shrink for some time.

“Glacier retreat has knocked the dynamics of the whole ice sheet into a constant state of loss,” said Ian Howat, a co-author on the paper, professor of earth sciences and distinguished university scholar at Ohio State. “Even if the climate were to stay the same or even get a little colder, the ice sheet would still be losing mass.”

Shrinking glaciers in Greenland are a problem for the entire planet. The ice that melts or breaks off from Greenland’s ice sheets ends up in the Atlantic Ocean — and, eventually, all of the world’s oceans. Ice from Greenland is a leading contributor to sea level rise — last year, enough ice melted or broke off from the Greenland ice sheet to cause the oceans to rise by 2.2 millimeters in just two months.

The new findings are bleak, but King said there are silver linings.

“It’s always a positive thing to learn more about glacier environments, because we can only improve our predictions for how rapidly things will change in the future,” she said. “And that can only help us with adaptation and mitigation strategies. The more we know, the better we can prepare.”

This work was supported by grants from NASA. Other Ohio State researchers who worked on this study are Salvatore Candela, Myoung Noh and Adelaide Negrete.

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EDUCATIONAL CRITICS OF TODAY.

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For more than a year, we’ve been dwelling around uncharted waters of COVID situation overall the World. 5 years ago, every interviewer who asked the question to the applicant that where do you see yourself after 5 years, might’ve got wrong answers. Previous year was all about how expectations lead to destruction and constant subsiding of plans.


We agree that to take up the reins of all the people was surely a tough task for the government and it’s representatives. We’ve been ferocious for the past time and faced mishaps like the thunder but it’s miserable to see the same situation prevailing again due to carelessness of people and lack of self awareness. If you think you can hide from a virus and get off with it, you are digging your own grave.

We see ‘morons’ of two kinds in this scenario; the ones who have experienced many covid cases in their family and have gotten very nonchalant about taking care and other ones who fortunately didn’t get their family members hospitalised due to covid but may be are waiting for that thing to happen.


Let’s assume there’s no such thing like the coronavirus, it’s just a made up mind-set. But things like Viral infection, respiratory problems, dengue, or infectious diseases etc,. They are prevalent right? Why don’t we take care of ourselves in a way to be safeguarded from mere infectious diseases? I understand, sometimes happenings are unintentional, but why are our actions on them not rational? We are suffering due to irresponsible citizens of our society, and individuals are suffering due to their own actions.


Moving further, in India I’ve never seen a single decision or announcement that didn’t have any arguments. Every decision or announcement ever made had a war of words but a few days ago the decision of not conducting or postponing exams had a very smooth flow throughout multimedia. A silent proclamation thanking the government and saying, “this is all that we wanted.”


Behind this decision there are various types of students ranging from those who were studying all day long for boards to those who didn’t get enough equipment to study. Here again fall two types of the students’ i.e Rich and poor or those with equipment but no willingness to study and other types without equipment but willingness to study.


The decision announced by the Education ministry was amazement. A treat for those who didn’t bother about studying and on the flip side a disappointment for those students who struggled hard to get through formulas and concepts and solved huge question sets. Everyone has different perceptions towards this but the thing that still surprises me is no one is against this decision. Why?


A huge group of people countrywide blames the education system for relevant reasons. In the beginning of 2020, we got the wind of the implementation of new Education policy that ignited glimmers of hope in us but, it has gotten behind the bars for a long time amidst COVID situations.

Lesson 101, Remember- DO NOT BLAME EDUCATION SYSTEM BECAUSE YOU CANNOT SCORE ENOUGH.


I am not making any conclusions about which type of education system is right or wrong but mental ageism is pervasive in our society. Mainly dogmatism, when one group says, “Present education system is bad” with their own reasons, another group with blindfolded eyes, agrees with them with their set of beliefs and this is how we see dogmatism settles its roots.


If the education system is bad, what stops you from studying/ doing what you love? What pulls you back to prove yourself? Why are we all dependent on the government to announce their decisions that are unacceptable at first place but we all follow it like blind herd of sheep?

Lesson 102, Remember- WE ARE GOVERNED BY THE TYPE OF GOVERNMENT WE DESERVE.


If I unite the world’s voice together, the truth is unless and until Coronavirus doesn’t get diminished completely, there would be no stability in the education sector or any other. In such circumstances, our foremost duty is to educate us by ourselves. COVID has indulged us much into how to make use of technology, gadgets, and how to make precise use of the internet. Problem is our inability to use it. And that inability is different at every level.


Lesson 103, Remember- BE THE MASTER OF THE CHANGE NOT A VICTIM OF THE CHANGE.


Regardless of COVID, if we take a deeper look and compare all the students countrywide, not everyone has a smartphone or proper guidance. I preach to the student protestors who had the banners stating “Shiksha online toh Pariksha offline kyu?” When you’ve a relevant question, you must also have an answer to it. If exams are supposed to be conducted online without cheating why don’t we build certain websites for that? You cheat once or twice but…. Lesson 104, Remember- A CHEAT ALWAYS REMAINS A CHEATER.


If the health of students is a major concern for the government, why don’t they settle new ways of conducting fair exams? Are we gonna have the same uncertainties in the education sector for the future? It’s not only the government who could do that but any intellectual person.


Such a huge pandemic that lasts for more than a year would leave back it’s impact for more than two times of it’s suffering.

Lesson 105, Remember- AWAKE AND REALISE, OR STAY BLINDFOLDED AND PERISH AS THIS IS THE RACE OF SURVIVAL OF FITTEST.

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BEST AMERICAN SITCOMS

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Agree or not, American sitcoms are the best. It includes all emotions nicely cooked and well served with a bit of sarcasm and a pinch of reality check. All the shows are loved by the people and watching them will also make you to love them as content speaks! To be correct, most of the best content from the American sitcoms were brought in during the 80s and the 90s and therefore, most of the content in our list is from the 80s and the 90s.

1. FRIENDS :

Talking about popularity, I need not prove it about this show. Everyone knows that this has to be the number one American sitcoms of all time because hype and craziness tells it all. The life of 6 friends tangled in between life, love, work and comedy. Their story started from 1994 and continued till 2004. The end of this show has still not dropped any fan following nor decreased the views. In fact, it has grown much more during the lockdown. HBO max claims to shoot a reunion of friends this month, which they had been postponing for quite a long time due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This show is globally available on Netflix with a total of 10 seasons and 236 episodes.

2. Brooklyn Nine-Nine :

The main theme plot is set on the 99th precinct of the Brooklyn borough of the New York city. The story revolves around the life of  7 cops, all of them fighting day and night to make Brooklyn a better place to live. Jake Peralta, one of the main protagonist of the series, a talented and a puzzle solving maniac, but and immature cop who often gets into trouble and also brings the trouble back to the nine-nine. Their story started airing on 2013 and is going on till now with NBC announcing the 8th season to be it’s last and to be aired next year and not this year, which did made the fans sad. Their story is currently available on Netflix and currently consists of a total of 7 seasons and 143 episodes.

3. How I Met Your Mother :

The theme is set on Ted Mosby and his group of friends in New York City’s Manhattan. As a framing device, Ted, in the year 2030, recounts to his son, Luke, and daughter, Penny, the events from 2005 to 2013 that led him to meet their mother. This series has won a lot of awards including the people’s choice awards for favourite Network TV comedy. It’s currently available on Disney+Hotstar with a total of 9 seasons and 208 episodes.

4. The Big Bang Theory :

The show is originally centered on five characters living in Pasadena, California: Leonard and Sheldon, both physicists at Caltech, who share an apartment. Penny, a waitress who lives across the hall and their similarly geeky and socially awkward friends and co-workers, aerospace engineer Howard and astrophysicist Raj. The show basically displays the life of some geeky friends living their life. It is currently available on Netflix with a total of 12 seasons and 279 episodes.

5. The Office :

A mockumentary sitcom TV series depicting the everyday lives of office employees in the Scranton, Pennsylvania. It is an adaptation of the the 2001-2003 BBC series of the same name, being adapted for American TV by Greg Daniels. It aired on NBC from 2005 to 2013, lasting a total of 9 seasons and giving us a total of 201 episodes.

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Satyashodhak: the biopic

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The wait is over….The most awaited Biopic ‘Satyashodhak’ will be out for the Big screen experience very soon

The biopic of legendary social worker and reformer Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, ‘Satyshodhak’ will be soon available for audience’s viewing. This Biopic will be an aviation in bilingual languages – both in Hindi and in Marathi. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule- is one of the well-known and leading social reformers and activists in the modern history of India. He came as a light of hope for Backward Class people and along with this he was also a great writer, a philosopher with the modern thoughts. He was also the first person to start an Orphanage in India. With the support of his wife Mrs. Savitribai Phule, Jyotibha Phule opened the first school ever for Women in India. This movie Satyashodhak will take you on an inspiring journey of Jyotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s life.

With joint efforts of Samata film and P.B. Infra Pvt. Ltd decided to make this movie bilingual – both in Marathi and Hindi language. For the past 3 years, the whole team has given their 100% efforts to make this film more realistic and pure authentic which will connect to people’s hearts. This will be one of the most historic milestones for the entire team who gave their honest efforts for the film.

Talking about the cast, we will be seeing a talented actor Sandeep Kulkarni portraying the character of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule whereas actress Rajashree Deshpande will be seen playing the role of his wife Mrs. Savitribai Phule. The Music is given by none other than Amit Raj. The 80% of the shooting was already done and the remaining one is expected to be completed by May 2021. With the help of great VFX work, you can relive the British era (19th century) in visually stunning manners.

Writer and director Nilesh Jalamkar says, “This film is definitely going to motivate all generations of people but mostly this current generation. And I think everyone will love this film as it is one of the most awaited films of this year.”

Producer Pravin Tayade and Appa Borate said that this one is a huge social responsibility for us to tell the real story of Mahatma Phule to the world and we have tried to give full justice to this film. Producer Pawankumar Kahakkar and Pattebahadur promised that both Hindi and Marathi audiences will love this movie. On the other hand Co-producer Binder Singh, Vishal Wahurwagh, Pratik Bansode mentioned that, the team is sure about this movie fulfilling all your expectations. Samata Films, P.B. Infra Pvt Ltd and the entire team of Satyshodhak are delighted to remember the legend on his 194th Anniversary today.

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