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Year of tech convergence 2020

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Well, as far as the COVID-19 is concerned, it’s successful in completely destroying the year 2020. But, some inventions or concepts that might be successful in future can bring a smile on your face. So, after short listing we have come up with the list.

1. 5G connections.

5G can come up everywhere You may have already seen ads about 5G wireless phones. AT&T and Verizon both are setting up small connection points in public places, like sports stadiums, to show off what’s to come. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Right now, 5G doesn’t have a lot of range, which is why it can only be used in small areas, but that won’t always be the case.

According to Computer World, the 5G implementations out there right now use millimetre-wave technology, which uses the highest frequencies, but has the least range, which is why it can currently only cover portions of an NFL stadium, for example. This will change, however, as lower-frequency service is on the way, too, and while it won’t be as fast, it will have greater range, and still be way faster than 4G LTE, the current standard.

The most exciting thing about 5G, though, is that it’s not just for phones. 5G will be a full-on broadband internet service, meaning that instead of having one service for your mobile devices and one for home internet, you’ll be able to get home 5G and take it with you, as well. That also means less reliance on Wi-Fi and more potential for devices with their own, dedicated connection.

2. Electric car batteries.

Electric car batteries will only get better Electric cars are becoming more likely to replace standard cars every year, but currently, one of the biggest things holding them back are batteries. Your typical electric car today only has a range of 150 to 310 miles and takes an hour or more to charge. Once your vehicle runs out of juice, you might be stuck waiting for it to recharge.

But two new innovations are on the way. First, a new discovery has reduced those hours long charge times down to just 10 minutes. It works by increasing the temperature of the battery as it charges, which researchers have found causes the charging reaction to occur far more quickly than it did before. Best of all, this doesn’t degrade the battery at all, according to Science. The battery’s lifespan remains the same.

Meanwhile, Swiss company Innolith claims to have created a new electric car battery than can offer 600 miles on a charge, according to The Verge. That’s more than two tanks of gas for your average fossil fuel vehicle. It will take some time to release, and there are some skeptical folks out there, as independent researchers and reviewers haven’t gotten to take a look at the battery themselves just yet. Even still, the race to create a more efficient and higher capacity battery is ongoing now, and they’re only going to improve.

3.Virtual reality

People will be able to feel things in virtual reality Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) made a big splash in the last decade, but things will only get more interesting from here, starting with the ability to touch and feel the things we see through all the various kinds of computer-generated imagery. While experiments of this sort have been tried in the past, the results were often very bulky and required a ton of power, necessitating large batteries to be attached.

Now, though, new technologies are allowing for tactile “skins” that are far thinner and require far less power. One of these is developed by John A. Rogers and his team at North-western University. Their skin uses tiny, thin discs to create vibrations instead of bigger actuators you might find in a gaming controller or phone, which use a lot more power. What’s more, they’re thin enough they can be charged using near-field technology, meaning less reliance on large batteries, according to Scientific American.

Meanwhile, Swiss researchers at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have developed their own tactile skin, which works similarly, but uses pneumatic actuators instead and can provide very delicate amounts of tactile feedback all the way up to one Newton of force. These aren’t the only two groups working on this, either, so it’s likely there will be hepatic feedback patches all the way up to clothing like gloves and, someday, entire suits of second skin.

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Scientists spot a sign of possible Life on Venus

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VENUS- Earth’s evil twin it’s clouds are made of battery acids. At 900 degrees its surface heat enough to melt lead, Venus is pretty much like the biblical vision of hell today. This may be the hostile real estate in the solar system yet billions of years ago Venus looked alike Earth but to the near of sun Venus was doomed and Earth blossomed. Venus burned yet even here life may thrive.


An international team of astronomers has detected a rare molecule in the atmosphere of Venus that could be produced by living organisms. The discovery instantly puts the brightest planet in the night sky back into the conversation about where to search for extraterrestrial life.


The surface of Venus is a more like a hell. However, some layers of its clouds spot surprisingly hospitable temperatures and pressures. Phosphine is a poisonous gas however, the organizers of the study and other experts agree that the presence of phosphine is not proof of life on another planet.


As astronomers look for signs of life outside our solar system, one method is to look for chemicals that result only from biological processes. These processes are known as bio-signatures.


Phosphine can form only in two ways on Earth. It can be created by an industrial process, or it can come from a biological process in animals and microbes that is not well understood. Some scientists consider it as a waste product.


It’s said that phosphine can be found in the bottom of ponds, the insides of animals like badgers and in the waste of penguins. The astronomers carefully looked at all the possibilities for production of the phosphine: volcanoes, lightning strikes or meteorites falling into the atmosphere. Not a single process we looked at could produce phosphine in high enough quantities to explain the team’s findings.


Furthermore, it is noticed that 50 kilometers above the planet’s surface, in Venus’ thick carbon dioxide clouds, it is about room temperature. The clouds are mostly made up of sulfuric acid. But they also contain droplets with very small amounts of water.


The scientists asked themselves if the phosphine could be coming from microbes living inside the sulfuric acid droplets. Than when the droplets fall to the ground, they might dry out but could collect in other droplets and reanimate.


Venus is one of the most beautiful objects in Earth’s sky. But at a closer glance, the less lovely it becomes. Venus is roughly the same mass as Earth. Many scientists think that Venus was once covered in water and possessed an atmosphere where life as we know it could have flourished.


In earlier days of the solar system, Earth was not so hospitable to the desires we have. Even an entire biosphere that did not survive in the oxygen-rich environment that later developed. And much as Earth over time became a home for jellyfish, ferns, dinosaurs and Homo sapiens, Venus was transformed by something into a hell.


Today, the second planet from the sun has an atmosphere stifled by carbon dioxide gas, and surface temperatures that average more than 800 degrees Fahrenheit. The dense atmosphere of Venus exerts a pressure of more than 1,300 pounds per square inch on anything at the surface. That is more than 90 times the 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level on Earth, or the equivalent to being 3,000 feet underwater in the ocean.


For the last two decades, scientists keep making new discoveries that collectively imply a significant increase of the likelihood to find life elsewhere. Many scientists would not have guessed that Venus would be a significant part of this discussion. But, just like an increasing number of planetary bodies, Venus is proving to be an exciting place of discovery.


If there really is phosphine on Venus, its believed there could be no other obvious explanation than anaerobic life.

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Chandrayaan: A successful series

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Chandrayaan as its name suggests the vehicle for the moon. All the series of Chandrayaan have been very successful and have been sending very valuable and unique pictures of the moon. The Chandrayaan-2 has completed one whole year on 7th September 2020. It has shown good progress up in the orbit of the moon. We have been trying to reach the moon and find out the valuable resources up there. An atmosphere like Earth, maybe we can create it there. Water was also found by the previous versions of Chandrayaan. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been trying to reach the south pole of the moon and find the water existence.

Talking about Chandrayaan-3 it will be launched in March 2021 and will be slightly different from its predecessor Chandrayaan-2. Chandrayaan-3 will not have an orbiter but it will only consist of a lander and a rover. Due to the Corona pandemic situation, there has been a delay in launching Chandrayaan-3. The target area will be the South Pole of the moon and the rocket used in this is the most powerful rocket of ISRO till date is the GSLV Mark 3. The launch site will at Satish Dhawan space center.

Moon is the closest we can explore. Moon may have some of the properties of the Earth because of the close distance. Chandrayaan-1 sent some images of rusting on the poles of the moon that show that there is the existence of water and oxygen because if these two elements are there then only the iron-rich rocks that are present there can react and rusting can happen. Because of the hard landing, Chandrayaan-2 ‘s Vikram lander had some problems but it is there in the lunar orbit and has enough fuel to survive till 7 long years. Chandrayaan-3 is a repeat mission of version 2 and it has an only lander and lunar rover and it is planned that this time there will be a soft landing. So hoping for the good and Chandrayaan-3 will be at its new heights soon.

Following this timeline Ministry also announced the first crewed orbiter namely Gaganyaan. This project will be launched in December 2021. An extent to 400km in the Earth’s orbit and the rocket used here is also GSLV mark 3. The maximum space for the crew is 3. Hope this would be a success.

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Dazzling clicks of our home: The Earth

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Ever since the cognitive evolution, we, the humans have always been fond of space. In every possible way, we’ve been seeking and analyzing the things out there. Its our curiosity, that leads us to search and study this vast concept called universe. And everything has been done from very small tiny stage in a vast cosmic arena, the Earth.

The process called ‘Selfie’ has evolved in the recent time. This selfie is limited to an individual being but have you ever thought about the selfie of the Earth. Yes, it also limited to an individual but accommodating all of us. In this vastness, for Earth, we all are one, irrespective of illusionery insignificant differences human has made on the surface.

Humans have sent so many missions, both crewed and unmanned(robotic), beyond our planet to explore the neighboring celestial bodies (which we do here on Earth also). Every now and then, these gutsy explorers have glanced home to provide something stunning and thought-provoking images which we could call them selfies. Here are some of the memorable and spectacular images of our only home from space.

1. Earthrise

Photo credit- NASA

The iconic image of Earth rising, the first of its kind taken by an astronaut from Lunar orbit, greeted the Apollo 8 astronauts as they orbited far side of the Moon on Dec. 24, 1968. What a splendid rise of Earth when seen from Moon defines the beuty of Earth!

2. Moon crosses Earth

Photo credit- NASA

The best combine image of the Earth and the Moon. The far side of the Moon is not visible from Earth. NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera aboard DSCOVR sattelite captured this magnificent view as the Moon moves in front of the sunlit side of Earth.

3. Earth through Saturn rings

Photo credit- NASA

NASA’s Cassini probe captured this view of Earth and Moon with Saturn on left. Cassini was 1.4 billion kilometers away from Earth at that time. The Moon is seen just to the right in this image. Its the third time Earth was captured from outer solar system in 2013.

4. Click from Mercury

Photo credit- NASA

While on its way to orbit Mercury, the Messenger spacecraft of NASA looked back and took this beautiful photograph. Showing Earth and Moon as small circle of reflected light. Photo taken from 98 million kilometers away from Earth.

5. Earth from Martian surface

Photo credit- NASA

Curiosity rover of NASA snapped this photo of Earth from the surface of Mars. The view of the twilight sky and Martian horizon taken on Jan 31, 2014, 40 min after local sunset. It includes the Earth as brightest point in the night sky. Inset image shows a zoomed view of the Earth and the Moon in image. This could be normal view for future humans as the Mars is about to be our next home.

6. The Family Portrait

Mosaic image by Voyager 1, credit- NASA
Artistic representation, Photo credit- NASA

The iconic Voyager 1 space probe captured the family photo of whole solar system. It includes Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, and Venus in addition to Earth. Mars was obscured by scattered sunlight bouncing on camera, Mercury was too close to the Sun, lost in the glare of sunlight and Pluto was too tiny to be visible. Thats why few of members didn’t seen in the portrait.

7. The “Pale Blue Dot”

Photo credit- NASA

This is the most fascinating image of all time. The image gave human an awe-inspiring and unprecedented view of our home world, the Earth! The iconic photograph was taken by Voyager 1 when speeding up to leave solar system from a more than 6 billion kilometers away when operators commanded it to look back towards home for a final time. The probe was so so far away that from its vantage point, that Earth was just a tiny point of 0.12 pixel in size in the centre of scattered light rays (it caused due to taking the picture so close to the Sun).

Carl Sagan, legendary scientist and advisor of this mission, described Earth as “A lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly and compassionately with one another and to preserve and cherish this pale blue dot, the only home we’ve ever known.”

I’m posting a whole quote of Carl Sagan on Pale blue dot in the image below. I urge everyone to please go through this lines you will definitely feel enlightened, inspiring and overwhelming!

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